Tsar Nicholas II wasn’t much of a good ruler for Russia; he ignored the fact that Russia wasn’t doing so good and overlooked the industrialization and nationalism that was occurring throughout Russia. Nicholas II disregarded the troubles the Russians were facing and seemed to only care about himself and him staying in power. This caused people to revolt as they needed a good strong leader to help Russia survive. The main leader who started China’s revolution was Sun Yat-sen who believed China should adopt a democratic government if it were to survive. The revolutions led by him eventually led to the fall of the Qing Dynasty in China.
Howe wanted negotiation more than outright victory because he was not only commander in chief but (together with his brother, Adm. Lord Richard Howe) peace commissioner in America. This schizoid role handicapped him both as military leader and as diplomat; yet events of summer and fall 1776 suggested that he would succeed. After the British evacuated Boston, defeats and disaster filled the rest of 1776. The army Congress had sent to invade Canada in June 1775 collapsed in the summer of 1776. After capturing Montréal, the Continentals failed to take Québec, and were forced to raise their siege when British reinforcements arrived by ship in May.
In the period 1783 to 93 William Pitt was involved in many different reforms, in areas of finance, administrative and commercial. These were crucial in some way and contributed to Pitt trying to bring about a national revival in Britain. The American War of Independence had had a serious affect on Britain, by ruining government finances, due to the costs of war and the disruption to trade caused by the war. The main problem facing Pitt was the national debt; it had rose, by 91%, to £250 million, with the government expenditure exceeding income by £10.5 million per annum. In addition the interest on the debt alone was £9 million per year.
Throughout the 19th century, American relations with China were restricted to a small but profitable trade a. The British, in competition with France, Germany, and Russia, took advantage of the crumbling Manchu dynasty to force treaties on China, creating “treaty ports” and granting exclusive trading privileges in various parts of the country. b. American attitudes toward the Chinese people reflected this confusion of motives. 2. The annexation of Hawaii and Philippines in 1898 and 1899 convinced Secretary of State Hay that the US should have announced a China policy.
Was considered the |substantial resentment towards the colonists among English leaders, who were not | | |beginning of open hostilities between Great Britain and the colonies. |satisfied with the financial and military help they had received from them. This set in | | | |motion more plans to give over more control of the colonies to the government which would| | | |lead to the American Revolution. | | |Passed in 1764, the British placed a tax on sugar, wine and other important |Commonly regarded as a prelude to the American revolution, the Sugar Act and the Stamp | |Sugar Act |things. This meant that trading with Britain would mean they would not be able |Act were designed to increase British tax revenues.
-The defeat was part of a larger rebellion that began after the First Emperor's death. -The people were dissatisfied with the tyranny of the Qin leaders and their legalist form of government. -Chinese history portrays the Han as having implemented many changes to the government, evidence shows that the Han continued to rule in the tradition of the Qin, only gradually incorporating Confucian ideals into their legalist form of government. - rose after the rebellions of the Ch’in (stage one) - (stage two) Wu Ti (emperor) brought new economic policies, built canals, established granaries for surplus grain, increased taxes on merchants, created government monopolies (salt, copper coins, iron & liquor) - Debate on monopolies after Wu Ti’s death: “Salt & Iron Debate” - Legalists said: state should enjoy profits from salt & iron - Confucians said: leave resources in private hands for moral purity (government would be corrupted by dealings with merchants) - Confucian ideas begin to influence the legalists (emperors see Confucian scholars as bookish) - Confucian ideas shaped the moral of men w/o external restraints
Taxation became an huge issue as British needed money to pay off their debts from the previous war so they passed the Sugar Act in 1764 and then the Stamp Act shortly afterwards. This taxed sugar, molasses, and paper goods which was a huge deal to the colonies that started getting them angry right away. The colonies first act of rebellion was the creation of the Sons and Daughters of Liberty and came up with the idea to tar and feather tax collectors while threatening their life. Trade even became tougher as the British started putting tax on pretty much everything especially tea with the Tea Act in 1773. Was this a tax?
Americans felt that since they had no representation in Parliament, and that there were decisions being made for them without proper representation, that they were slaves to the forceful word of the British crown. Even some countrymen in Great Britain felt that the Americans were being treated unfairly. Lord Camden believed that Americans were not being given their natural born rights as men. “My position is this – I repeat it – I will maintain it to my last hour, - taxation and representation are inseparable: - this position is founded on the laws of nature,” (pg.95, Major Problems in the Era of the American Revolution, Brown). It seems there was a miscommunication, because Britain was treating the Americans different from other British and also wanted to keep major control in anyway, like restricting trade from any other country (like France and Spain).
Increasing trade with all major regions of the world c. A dislike of the arts and sciences d. A powerful centralized government 18. A “dynasty” in Chinese history was a. Any emperor who lasted more than two decades b. A family that passed the imperial title from generation to generation c. Powerful bureaucrats who ran the state d. Big business families who monopolized trade 19. Merchants in China were considered low prestige according to Confucian ideals because: a.
The islands of the pacific and Indian oceans remained with European influences but more forms of imperialism were appearing, this was where countries expanded their influence through military forces or even diplomacy. China was under the Manchus and they remained the world’s greatest single power and economy. Asia’s country was vulnerable to natural disasters such as earthquakes, typhoons, droughts, and tidal waves. All of these people suffered from poor living conditions. Eventually people developed new arts, culture and economic enterprises.