Lower reserve requirements will result in more funds being available to loan out. This should, in turn, increase the rate of economic growth. Conversely, a higher reserve requirement will reduce the availability of funds and should slow economic growth. In this case, we need to increase our rate of economic growth in response to the recession, so I choose to lower the reserve requirement. The reason I would make this choice is to stimulate lending to businesses, reduce unemployment and increase household income so that the economy could then recover naturally.
(Kelly, M. and McGowan, J., 2012)(p.19 & 21). Fiscal policy is more effective in promoting economic growth, by increasing government spending or reducing taxes. Fiscal policy in economic has reflected both political and economic realities. Monetary policy has the ability to slow down the economy in order to promote full employment and inflation. The monetary policy to economic is to increase the amount of money, by cutting interest rates.
If exports were to increase this would result in an increase in AD, as the balance of payment is a factor. The subsequent result of this increase in AD would mean an increase in supply, leading to an increase in the rate of employment, as firms are forced to take on more workers in order to fulfil demand. This means that the increase in exports would reduce specifically cyclical unemployment ( demand deficient unemployment). This is because the increase in exports would result in a increase in AD, hence curing the deficient demand. Furthermore, the cost of the formerly unemployed, i.e.
The level to which higher demand increases output and prices depends on the state of the business cycle. Without changing the price level will lead to an increase in demand if the economy is in recession. A fiscal expansion will have more of an effect on prices and less impact on total output if the economy is at full employment. To restore output during a recession the government can run an expansionary fiscal policy helping to restore and to return the unemployed to work. The government can run a budget surplus; this will help to slow the economy when inflation seems to be a larger dilemma than unemployment, leading to a budget balanced on
* Lowering banks’ interest rates. This will increase the consumer consumption as they will borrow at lower rates and therefore it will encourage them and business owners to investment more and increase the economy growth. * The government should increase their spending. This will increase the flow of money in public and private sectors which lead to empower businesses and bring people back to work after the
It helps me predict the effects of the business cycle (Seasons or GDP when income levels rise or fall) on my sales. Currently we are in a slowed economy. Therefore, we have more unemployment or people watching their money more carefully and are more interested in price shopping. g. You obtain this information the % change in quantity demanded divided by the % change in the consumer’s income. Necessity will drive the income demand first and then as necessities are met and money increases, then luxury item demands will begin to increase.
Investment projects, via the multiplier effect should result in an increase in the GDP of the economy; However in order to undertake investment, there must a high savings ratio must be obtained as it is essential for the accumulation of capital. Labour plays a critical role in achieving economic growth. The higher the number of workers there is in an economy should lead to economic growth. If there are more people working and unemployment levels are relatively low, then there is likely to be the achievement of economic growth as human resources
The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States affects both short term and long term interest rates by manipulating money supply through open market operations, changing reserve requirements for banks, or changing the rate at which it loans out money to banks. 2. Propose two (2) strategies that the federal government could implement that would encourage people to spend more money in order to create employment opportunities. Cutting taxes is one of the strongest strategies that government could implement to encourage people to spend. Increased government revenue is one almost immediate symptom, as the tax cut encourages people to buy more products and services, stimulating the economy and creating more jobs.
Therefore, this means that the average Bahraini disposable income will significantly increase, hence, they will increase spending on goods and services. An increase in salaries is therefore a direct signal interpreted by businesses to consider in planning their business offerings. A salary increase might also affect the banking sector, as savings may increase, resulting in extra liquidity with the banks, which is then channeled back through consumer loans or financing facilities for the business sector. Indirect signals are causal in terms of not being precisely valid and reliable. An economist will create a conclusion based on a certain observation that has a relation to the other.