As the demand for one product decreases it can cause a chain reaction lowering the demand for products needed to produce the first product. This cycle will continue until the demand for manufactures goods increased and its citizen’s put more capital back into the economy. This theory is true for any reason that people stop buying goods, if the demand goes down so does the supply and the money spent on the supply. In effort to stabilize an economy that is stuck in the decreasing demand and supply cycle the government should increase spending and find ways to increase individual spending across the country. As the capital is put back into the economy the demand for supplies will go up.
(Kelly, M. and McGowan, J., 2012)(p.19 & 21). Fiscal policy is more effective in promoting economic growth, by increasing government spending or reducing taxes. Fiscal policy in economic has reflected both political and economic realities. Monetary policy has the ability to slow down the economy in order to promote full employment and inflation. The monetary policy to economic is to increase the amount of money, by cutting interest rates.
I do not agree with her as well on raising the bank reserve requirements as it can restrain lending from banks and as a result it will shrink the economy growth. After analyzing my colleagues’ recommendations, and as the president’s senior economic advisor, I recommend the following: * We should lower income taxes. This shall increase the aggregate demand as the consumer disposable income will increase, which leads to an increase in the consumer spending. If the consumer spending increases, it will bring back up the flow of business and operations which means more jobs opening in the market and low unemployment rates. * Lowering banks’ interest rates.
Monetary policies influence and are influenced by international developments, including exchange rates, and based on these market conditions the U.S. government can make strategic changes to these policies to maintain the country’s economic stability (full employment, stable growth and price stability). For example if Federal Reserve actions raised U.S. interest rates, the foreign exchange value of the dollar generally would rise. An increase in the foreign exchange value of the dollar, in turn, would raise the price in foreign currency of U.S. goods traded on world markets and lower the dollar price of goods imported into the United States (Federal Reserve, 2005). By restraining exports and boosting imports, these developments could lower output and price levels in the U.S. economy and control or lower
To increase their taxes would be appropriate and this would be stream lining taxes at a time when the economy needs a boost. The Keynesian economists would look at government spending as a means for the government to stop the little growth the economy has had and is to have. The government spending would make it so the people would not have the money to spend within the states and they would have to go without needs and desires. This in turn would be the money that could be used within the economy.
As the Reserve increases interest rates, it effectively lowers the demand for money. Increasing the interest rates would be in the Reserves best interest when the nation is experiencing rising inflation. This type of monetary policy is called contractionary monetary policy (Hubbart, 869). On the other hand, to increase demand for money the Reserve can decrease the interest rate. Decreasing the interest rate effectively increases consumer and businesses consumption.
Increase taxes over the wealthiest and reduced the taxes over the less wealthy individuals trying to get a more progressive model. These measures would affect in the short-run the aggregate demand for good and services, stimulating consumer spending, earnings and profit rise. This effect will depend on the multiplier effect and the crowding-out 3. What economic policies should the US Federal Government pursue over the next decade? We would consider the following fiscal policies: * Reduction of defense expenditure.
The increase in real GDP would put downward pressure on the price level and reduce inflation. Supply-siders also believed that the budget deficit would not increase substantially as a result of the tax cut. Even if it did increase, it would be offset by increased saving due to the lower taxes. Many economic critics today and in the 1980’s questioned the effectiveness of Reagan s policies, also known as Reaganomics. Economists still argue whether Reagan’s actions were helpful or harmful to the United States economy.
If the interest rate is low, it will cause more funds to be available, greater expansion and increased employment. If the interest rate is high, it will cause fewer funds to be available, less expansion, and decreased employment. Fiscal policy is an important tool for managing the economy because of its ability to affect the total amount of output produced or the gross domestic product. The first impact of a fiscal expansion is to raise the demand for goods and services. This greater demand leads to increases in both output and prices.