Eco 3742 Week 2 Dq #2

328 Words2 Pages
Why do Keynesian economists believe market forces do not automatically adjust for unemployment and inflation? What is their solution for stabilizing economic fluctuations? Why do they believe changes in government spending affect the economy differently than changes in income taxes? Keynes theorized that when unemployment raises the amount of goods that are in demand by countries citizens decreases and as these demands decrease the amount of output by the countries manufactures also decreases. As the demand for one product decreases it can cause a chain reaction lowering the demand for products needed to produce the first product. This cycle will continue until the demand for manufactures goods increased and its citizen’s put more capital back into the economy. This theory is true for any reason that people stop buying goods, if the demand goes down so does the supply and the money spent on the supply. In effort to stabilize an economy that is stuck in the decreasing demand and supply cycle the government should increase spending and find ways to increase individual spending across the country. As the capital is put back into the economy the demand for supplies will go up. As the demand rises the amount of supplies will also rise increasing the need for employees and in turn putting more available spending capital in the hands of the buyers. By increasing government spending there is more money being put back into the pockets of the people. This return in turn frees up capital citizens are able to put back into goods and services increasing demand. Lowering taxes can also leave money in citizen’s pockets but it also takes away from the amount of money the government is able to use to stimulate the economy by spending. When the government increases spending it forces the demand to go up, if taxes were lowered citizens will still have the choice to spend
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