Our money supply affects the country’s economy, interest rates, and borrowing. Erratic increase or decrease in prices of commodities of other items, if continued unabated for a substantial period, can be a source of imbalance in the economy. Why it is important to increase economic growth? It is important to increase economic growth to keep the economy moving forward to prevent job losses, and business closures, which in return you will have, a low money supply. My rationale for the Reserve Requirements would be by lowering the reserve requirements, and the banks will be able to have more money to loan, and then increasing the money supply.
Furthermore, it also mentioned in the theory of Arthur Laffer that any hike in taxes would lead to an increase in revenue in the short term but it would be offset by decreased tax returns in the long term. It also worth mentioning that tax evasion could become a problem with high income tax rates. Examples of tax evasion schemes involve people investing in businesses that make a loss, taking advantage of the tax breaks involved. Overall, income tax rates that create an incentive to work are likely to increase productivity and help an economy grow. Income tax changes affect aggregate demand in various ways.
To what extent did Quantitative Easing improve economic growth in the UK? Central banks try to raise the amount of lending and activity in the economy indirectly, by cutting interest rates. Lower interest rates encourage people to spend, not save. But when interest rates can go no lower, a central bank's main option is to pump money into the economy directly. That process is known as Quantitative Easing (QE).
Another, way to establish growth in the future would be to use budget deficit as a tool or demand management. In the UK and in other federal government’s borrowing is used as a way of managing the aggregate demand. Increase in borrowing can be a stimulus to demand as the other sectors are suffering from the weakness of spending. Keeping a higher level of demand will help with sustaining growth and help to keep unemployment rate
The importing industry can increase its output only by attracting more resources from the export industry. 3. Equalization of Costs Argument "We need to neutralize any advantage the foreign producers may have over the domestic producers, in lower taxes, or cheap labor." "We need to equalize the costs of production between foreign and domestic producers." In this way, we level the playing field.
First, if the government increases its purchases but keeps taxes constant, it increases demand directly. Second, if the government cuts taxes or increases transfer payments, households’ disposable income rises, and they will spend more on consumption. This rise in consumption will in turn raise aggregate demand” (Weil, 2008, para. 4). Consumer income has a huge effect on aggregate supply and demand just as the aggregate supply and demand can affect consumer income.
Explain how fiscal policy might be used to bring about supply-side improvements to an economy.  K2 K2 K2 K2 Fiscal policy is the manipulation of public spending, taxation and borrowing to achieve the government’s macroeconomic objectives. For example an increase in government expenditure or a reduction in income tax should increase aggregate demand and real output. Fiscal policy is also used to improve the supply-side performance of the economy by affecting incentives to work and incentives to invest. Such policies aim to increase the capacity of the economy to produce more goods and services by increasing the quantity or quality of the factors of production.
This method of fiscal policy will stimulate economic activity and directly cause economic growth. (AD/AS diagram, with AD shifting outwards and a caption “the effect of cutting interest rates”) Secondly, the use of monetary policy can be utilized to aid fiscal policy in demand management of the economy A cut in the rate of interest raises peoples disposable income, due to lower mortgage and loan repayments, allowing them to spend more. This will raise consumption, and therefore aggregate demand. The effect of an increase in AD is an increase in real GDP – the total output of an economy – raising living standards through higher choice of goods and services to fulfill needs and wants. However, since the power of
As situations happen around the world the internal economy is being affected, the price of oil increases and more money in the market should be created, but this will affect the inflation, as more money is in the market, the GDP keep growing and the unemployment is decreasing. To balance the economic growth, lower the inflation, and make a reasonable rate of unemployment it is important to take in consideration that typically if money is released into the system the real Gross Domestic Product will increase, creating opportunities of work and decreasing the unemployment rate. After indentifying the tools used for the Federal Reserve and analyzing the influence this has with the money supply the Feds can add or take money into the system to control the levels of inflation, increase the Gross Domestic Product and reduce the