Delegates could know be elected to create a new revised state constitution and governments also all southerners would be pardoned accept for high ranking confederate army officers and government officials. Private property would be protected however this did not include slaves. While most of the Republicans in congress at that time supported the president's plane for reconstructions others wanted to punish the confederacy. One of the flaws to the plan was that it only took ten percent of the voters to decide if they wanted back into the Union This made voting no longer a democracy. On July 2 1864 two Radical Republicans Benjamin Wade and Henry Winter Davis wrote the Wade Davis Bill.
History Practice Controlled Assessment: ‘To what extent has the contribution of Martin Luther King to the advancement of black Americans between 1954 and 1968 been exaggerated?’ On 6th December 1865, the 13th amendment to the American Constitution was passes, leading to the abolition of slavery. However whilst slavery was abolished, the black people of America still faced harsh racism and had very little rights. During the period of 1954-1968, many people were campaigning for an advancement of black Americans. These people wanted equal civil rights for blacks as white Americans had. One such person was Martin Luther King.
Post-Civil war America exercised the segregation of Whites and Blacks. Originally, the aim of this division was to keep everything separate but equal. By the late 1800’s into the 1900’s, the “separate but equal” motive adapted into the superiority of Whites, leaving much racial tension and limitation for the freed slaves and their ancestors. Marcus Garvey, like many social activists, had many goals to either remove this separation, or to completely relocate America’s blacks to a new place of their own. Marcus Garvey’s ideas of black nationalism and fighting oppression helped shape the identity of African Americans in the United States during the 1920’s.
However, many southern states found ways around the laws to disenfranchise the black populations. They did this by introducing a ‘Grandfather Clause’, which is that only people whose grandfather voted, gave them the ability to vote. Also literacy test was another method used, which in most ways wasn’t made fairly and even well educated people were disenfranchised and not allowed to vote. However, in 1946 President Truman established The President’s Committee on ‘Civil rights’, producing a report examining the experiences of racial minorities in America. The report was called ‘To Secure These Rights’, this report highlighted the problems facing African Americans and proposed radical changes to make American society better.
The 15th amendment (1870) gave black men equal voting rights with white men. However they were threatened or physically stopped from voting. It was no good having rights which were not enforced. Yet inequality increased at the end of the 19th century and continued in the early 20th century through Southern states passing the ‘Jim Crow’ laws which increased segregation. WW1 did little in stopping the rising tide of segregation.
In what ways were the conditions different for the African Americans in the north and south in 1945? After the Second World War had ended, black Americans that were fighting for freedom and justice from Germany and Japan, found that they had return to their country that was overridden with discrimination and racism in 1945. They treated as second-class citizens. The Black American was unable to neither integrate with the mainstream of American society nor become independent farmers. However, generally the Northern blacks were somewhat better off than the Southern blacks in 1945.
Before the war, Living standards for African Americans were poor. They had been promised equality when slavery was abolished, but the new segregation laws only made them second class citizens beneath the white people. White supremacy activist such as the KKK made it their main priority to make sure that African Americans knew their place, and followed the unspoken rules of society. During war times 1.2 blacks had subscribed to fight in the war. For the northern men, the military training that they had gotten in the south was their first experience of formal racial segregations.
You mighty race. You can accomplish what you will”.It was very evident that emancipation of slaves had not really altered the economic conditions of the black masses in the New American South. Racial segregation had become a major issue in the South and the blacks suffered discrimination in all spheres (public and private institutions) between 1890 and 1910. This was accompanied by the disenfranchisement of the black voters. It was under such circumstances, did the black leaders, the newly educated black intelligentsia brought the issues of the Afro Americans into public life.
These causes include the failures of the politicians of the times, the tensions between the states caused by the issue of admitting new states to the Union, the victory by the Republicans in the 1860 Presidential election, the increasing trend towards abolitionism and, of course, slavery. Slavery was a huge issue at the time, with Southerners, strong supporters of slavery and slavers themselves demanding that they be allowed to expand westward with their slaves, while the Northerners were arguing in favour that slavery be contained and allowed to die a natural death. Slavery had started in the South as the climate there was perfect for growing cotton, and with the invention of Eli Whitney’s cotton gin in 1793, it became very profitable to make cotton. The cotton gin essentially made the time that it took for the seeds to be removed from cotton to be greatly reduced, making it much more profitable. On order to capitalise on this new process, the south needed lots of cheap labour, and found it in the form of slaves.
In its first year of publication, it managed to sell 300,000 copies to Northerners and Southerners alike. It greatly appealed to Northern abolitionist sentiments while simultaneously angering Southerners, who felt insulted by the general characterizations of them made in Stowe’s book. In the North, abolitionists regarded Uncle Tom’s Cabin as further rationale for anti-slavery activism. The book instilled into Northerners a stereotypical view of Southern plantation owners as cruel, demoralizing, and greedy whip-wielding masters. Simon Legree, the novel’s antagonist slave driver, became the archetypal Southern figure for whom Northerners felt much contempt.