Reconstruction and Race Relations After the Civil War

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Race Relations after the Civil War 1 Reconstruction/Race Relations – First Draft Reconstruction and Race Relations after the Civil War Jeffery Presnell Strayer University – Global History 105 Dr. James Allen October 27, 2013 Race Relations after the Civil War 2 Abstract A lot has changed over the last 160 years since the Civil War. What was life like for the former slaves? What kind of changes did white Southerners have to go through to adapt? Apparently there were many as no one had a clear cut answer. Nothing back then was black and white for former slaves and the white Southerners. The answers took time to get to each and every one of those citizens. Those answers came in the form of more blood being spilt and discrimination running rampant throughout the South. Over this course of time, civility finally became the norm through these struggles you are about to read about. Race Relations after the Civil War 3 The way white Southerners made it difficult on former slaves in the South was to create what was called “Black Codes”. These codes were laws made by southern states to try to ensure their way of life could not be infringed on in the wake of the passing of the 13th amendment which outlawed slavery. Examples of such codes varied from state to state. However, the message was clear to the former slaves that they were still unequal. Examples of these laws are as follows: 1. A law passed in Mississippi stated that former slaves or rather all blacks had to provide proof of employment every year in January from the previous year. If a black person failed to complete their obligation of a contract for employment, they would be subject to forfeiture of all monies owed and could be subject to arrest. 2. A law in South Carolina prevented black citizens from holding any job except for as a servant or farmer. They would be exempt from this

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