There are various reasons for Great Britain to start the Industrial Revolution in the 1750s. Factors that benefited Great Britain to industrialized were the country’s geography, natural resources, agricultural change, and last but not least political and economic conditions. It happened in Great Britain first and soon started to spread to France, Germany, United States, and Japan by the end of the 1800s. Later, industrialization spread throughout the world, which became a huge advantage for the nation’s economy and government. As an island nation, Great Britain had many natural resources and harbors.
All of these issues helped to shape the American nation and its people. After the Civil War, the development of improved industrial methods and the arrival of masses of immigrants eager for factory jobs launched a new era of mass production in the United States. The nation turned its efforts toward economic recovery and expansion. America's abundant supply of natural resources, such as coal and oil, encouraged investment. Much of this investment came from already industrialized countries like Germany, Great Britain, and France whose business owners looked for new investment opportunities in the United States.
By the time the British colonies incited rebellion between them and the British in the 1770’s, they had grown to be powerful and economically independent, the population growing by a factor of eight from 1700 to 1770. British economic policy, is largely to blame for this, driving people to the new world and providing a framework for the economy of the Colonies to grow. The British would also commonly turn a blind eye to those who breached their rules and laws, and this too helped develop and diversify the American Economy. Furthermore, the adoption of a comparatively aggressive mercantilism by England led the colonies to grow much more than those of France and Spain, further pushing them out of the equation. Altogether, British Economic policy was a perfect mix of both salutary neglect and enforced protocol to spur a large amount of growth in British North America, doing so not only through just the Navigation Acts and Salutary neglect, but also the order in which they introduced new laws and regulations.
The fact that people would travel West and have a new way of life using the new technology and at the same time being able to have land that was all their own. The national economy grew because more people were making money since they had very nice industry jobs. People could afford more things in life that were not considered a necessity. One of the major inventions during the Industrial Revolution was the railroad. It played a major role in the westward expansion during the Industrial Revolution.
What was the key invention that helped America chug ahead in the industrial race around the world? The railway system ignited many other inventions in the last third of the nineteenth century, and helped America grow into the strong industrial nation it is today. The railway system helped “the movement of settlers further and further west accompanied by technological advances led to the major growth of cities and industries across the American frontier,” (Transportation and the Expansion of America). Railroads improved how we communicated as a nation, and helped us transform our economy for a regional agrarian economy to a national industrial economic superpower. The communication in America increased immensely due to the growth of the railways.
By the start of the modern period (say, a few centuries ago), the agricultural empires (such as the Caliphate or the areas corresponding to modern day China or India) had long been exceptionally prosperous, powerful, inventive, well organised and cultured. So why did the industrial revolution happen in Europe rather than China or India or any of the other great agricultural empires? Up until the eighteenth century Europe was on similar terms to the great Asian empires in terms of wealth and technological advancement, however at the end of the eighteenth century Europe started to experience an industrial revolution, which would continue throughout most of the follow century, this led to Western Europe becoming the most economically powerful region in the world. This great leap ahead of Asia by Europe is sometimes referred to as the great divergence, there have been ideas and theories as to why this divergence took place and why the industrial revolution took place in Europe and not Asia, but there is not a consensus among academics over what were the key causes. For many the main question is, more specifically, why did the industrial revolution not take place in China?
Furthermore, for many centuries, European nations had been building empires, slowly extending their economic and political control over various peoples of the world and practicing imperialism. Colonies supplied the European imperial powers with raw materials and provided markets for manufactured goods. As Germany industrialized, it competed with France and Britain in the contest for colonies. In continuation, because each nation wanted stronger armed forces than those of any potential enemy, the imperial powers followed a policy of militarism—the development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy. Empires were expensive to build and to defend, and the growth of nationalism and imperialism led to increased military spending.
First of all, during the Industrial Revolution, there were a lot of positive effects on the society which made peoples’ lives easier and a better place to live. There were a lot of changes especially on agriculture, transportation, manufacturing, and technology. Before the Industrial Revolution, majority of people had to work on land to produce food for their living, or everyone would starve. However, as the Industrial Revolution started to take place, new farm technologies were invented which led to an increase in food supply, which in turn led to an ongoing population. In addition, the population increase provided many people in the factories with machinery which was much more easier to work.
When Witte placed emphasis on industrialisation, it meant that jobs were created in towns and cities. Serfs came from rural areas in the hope of a better way of life, which led to urban areas quickly expanding. The populations of Moscow and St. Petersburg more than doubled between 1881 and 1910. A large textiles industry grew around Moscow
It began in Britain because at the time, it was one of the most powerful empires in the world. During the industrial revolution, many new inventions were invented to make the way of living easier and more efficient. The biggest technological advancement was the steam-powered engine invented in 1760 by James Watt. The machine ran on new fuels like petroleum and coal and was an important power source. The steam engine helped the textile and manufacturing industries produce more products.