Main Causes Of Wwi

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Main Causes of World War I Historians generally cite four long-term causes of the First World War: militarism, the formation of a system of alliances, imperialism, and nationalism. So, throughout the 19th century, politics in the Western world were deeply influenced by the concept of nationalism—a devotion to the interests and culture of one’s nation. This often led to competitive and antagonistic rivalries among nations, leaving an atmosphere of competition amongst the world (many feared Germany’s growing power in Europe). In addition, various ethnic groups resented domination by others and longed for their nations to become independent. Furthermore, for many centuries, European nations had been building empires, slowly extending their economic and political control over various peoples of the world and practicing imperialism. Colonies supplied the European imperial powers with raw materials and provided markets for manufactured goods. As Germany industrialized, it competed with France and Britain in the contest for colonies. In continuation, because each nation wanted stronger armed forces than those of any potential enemy, the imperial powers followed a policy of militarism—the development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy. Empires were expensive to build and to defend, and the growth of nationalism and imperialism led to increased military spending. By 1890 the strongest nation on the European continent was Germany, which had set up an army reserve system that drafted and trained young men. Countries alike developed this system, always relying on their navy for defense and protection. Lastly, by 1907 there were two major defense alliances in Europe. The Triple Entente, later known as the Allies, consisted of France, Britain, and Russia. The Triple Alliance consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. Germany and

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