UNDERSTAND AND MEET THE NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF INDIVIDUALS WITH DEMENTIA DESCRIBE HOW THE ABOVE CHANGES ASSOCIATED WITH DEMENTIA CAN AFFECT EATING, DRINKING AND NUTRITION Dementia can greatly affect a person's relationship to food and eating. The behavioural, emotional and physical changes that take place as dementia progresses can all have an impact upon a person's eating habits and on their intake of food and drink. It is important to do what you can to make sure that the person you are caring for enjoys their food and eats a healthy, balanced diet. As dementia progresses eating can become difficult for some people. Eating and drinking well is important to stay healthy.
This causes frustration and reduce the willingness to eat. Muscle tone disintegrates in accordance to this condition. Slowed digestion in the stomach can delay stomach emptying and build fullness and increased risk for ulcers. Other major negative effects are the process of intestinal absorption slows down effecting the absorption/breakdown of proteins, fats, minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, lactose, calcium, constipation, the person pancreatic function diminishes and the liver becomes smaller in size and weight (Bernstein; Luggen). 2.
Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia. Outcome 1 1) People with dementia can easily forget to eat and drink or if they have eaten or drunk sometimes they want more when they have already eaten, they can for get their likes / disli,kes, these can have various consequences to their well being I.e Lose / gain weight , eat the wrong foods especially if they have dietary problems ( diabetic or allergies, high cholesterol. Some people with dementia need observing, prompting and encouragement. 2) Poor nutrition due to lack of sustenance can cause brain and health deterioration as not they are not getting the correct balanced diet. 3) Forgetting to eat or drink/ eaten or drunk can cause distress and emotional problems, also could cause health problems I.e Bowl movement, bladder problems (UTI’s), challenging behaviour, problems when assisting to eat.
Some people gain all the weight back if not more immediately after they stop using fad diets. Fad diets have also been known to slow down a person’s metabolism if not bring it to a complete halt. The majority of the weight you drop when you lose weight too quickly tends to be water weight, which can lead to rapid dehydration. Your body burns calories and excess weight in stages. The big name companies use the temporary weight loss to make the buyer or user think the diet is superior when in reality it is very bad.
Successful dementia care communication can be verbal or non-verbal. Knowing the difference is important as the individuals in care can be affected either positively or negatively by both your words and your body language. * Nutritional Food which is rich in fibre can holistically support bowel health. Liquids and fruits can holistically support hydration needs as many medications can cause constipation and dehydration. Diet plays a big part in maintaining muscle strength, body function and internal organ health.
Also Ogden and Hills 2008 interview of people who had successfully lost weight and maintained weight loss suggested that it is not only what people do but also what they believe. They concluded that for dieting to be successful a person needs to hold a model of obesity that focuses on behaviour as central to their weight problem, avoid a state of denial whereby they want to eat but do not, create a situation where food is no longer regarded as rewarding and finally establish a new identity as a thinner person. These three studies suggest that having a restrained eating aim, aims to gain self-esteem and body satisfaction and believing certain things all contribute to the success of dieting.
Brown: What options exist for a person to try and reduce his/her cholesterol without taking medication? Physician Asst. : There are many options to choose from to take control of one’s health. There are special dieticians who can help with eating guidelines and give examples of better eating styles than from what is already being followed as a diet. Joining a fitness club can also help stay in a healthy lifestyle.
1.5. Explain why it is important to include a variety of food and drink in the diet of an individual with dementia 2.1. Describe how mealtime cultures and environments can be a barrier to meeting the nutritional needs of an individual with dementia 2.2. Describe how mealtime environments and food presentation can be designed to help an individual to eat and drink 2.3. Describe how a person centred approach can support an individual, with dementia at different levels of ability, to eat and drink 2.
Good nutrition is the balance of an adequate diet combined with with regular physical activity and is essential for good health. Inadequate or poor nutrition can lead to decreased health and lowered immunity increasing the risk of disease. Insufficient nutrition can also result in impaired mental and physical development. Once food is ingested by the body it can be broken down into macro or micro nutrients. Macro nutrients are the structural, energy providing parts of food they are required in small amounts by the body.
Although the use of Ephedra may have many side effects and weight that was lost may resurface, it is still effective in assisting those who are struggling with obesity. Alternative therapy for this issue would focus more so on making lifestyle changes as well as changes within the diet where herbal supplements will be used to help assist smoother yet healthier transition providing better and long-lasting results (University of Vermont, 2006). Complementary therapy would include a very invasive approach to obesity as it would be the equivalent to bariatric surgery. This procedure would assist those who are obese by making their stomach smaller which would cut down food portions and eventually lead to weight lost. However, this method is quite