Describe the possible short-term and long-term effects on health of these eating disorders. Eating disorder 1: Short-term effects include: emaciation and malnourishment, weakness and tiredness, fine hair grows on the body, dehydration and depression. For long-term effects we can include: kidney damage, anaemia, brittle bones, low
Identifying and defining themselves according to their perceived "fatness", eating disordered people tend to conclude that they are unacceptable and undesirable, and as a result, feel quite insecure and inadequate, especially about their bodies. For them, controlling their eating behaviors is the logical pathway in their quest for thinness. The current article is designed to provide you with more information about the nature of eating disorders, their causes, potential treatments, and strategies for prevention. This information can be helpful in
The cardiovascular systems causes accumulation of fatty material in the heart muscle and arteries, and can contribute to high blood pressure. The respiratory system causes the lungs to have lower capacity for inhaling and exhaling air as the muscles that help to expand and contract the chest weakens. The digestive system weakens due to dietary practices and the aging process causing common problems like constipation. The genitourinary system causes urinary incontinence due to the decrease in the blood flow through kidney, and decreased efficiency to remove wastes from the blood as they age. The central nervous systems slower down the reaction time in elderly, and affects the perception and memory of elderly.
When they look in the mirror, they do not see how lean and skeletal they appear, rather, they see themselves as needing to lose “just a few more pounds.” With Bulimia, a person consumes large quantities of food to numb their feelings. (Rumney 2009) However, shame and guilt creep in and start the urge to purge. They purge by means of vomiting, excessive exercising, and the use of laxatives or diuretics. Anorexia becomes readily visible once a person drops way below a normal weight. (Carolyn 2007) Yet, with Bulimics, they could appear to have a normal body weight or even appear slightly overweight.
English 091 19 March 2013 The Effects of Meal Outsourcing Fast-food is more than a quick-easy meal to be inhaled on the way to somewhere more important. Its negative effects touch one physically, emotionally, and financially. It is true that there are healthy choices offered while eating out, meals can be shared even if not cooked at home, and there are low-cost options on fast food menus. Choosing to not cook and eat a family meal at home has negative health consequences, causes a deterioration of the family relationship, and has a higher cost. Even with healthier choices, one cannot be aware of exactly what is in the food cooked in restaurants, while families can opt out of the drive-through and go in to sit and eat together at fast-food establishments it isn't as intimate and the time is rushed, low-cost options on fast food menus cost more than cooking a family meal at home.
Physical factors, usually associated with illness, are the predominant cause of malnutrition in UK adults, although psychosocial issues have significant effects on dietary intake in some groups (e.g. the socially isolated, the bereaved, poor quality diets in low income groups and some older subjects). Since malnutrition both predisposes to disease (Table 7) and is simultaneously an outcome of disease, patients may enter a downward spiral of ill-health due to malnutrition-disease interactions. (NCBI) Muscle function relies primarily on nutrients received through nutritious foods and vitamins. A loss of fat and muscle mass is commonly the biggest sign of malnutrition.
Binging may “feel good” initially, but it quickly becomes distressing for the person who is absorbed in this behavior. Food is often eaten secretly, and when the binge is over, the person feels guilty and ashamed. There are two subgroups of behavior aimed at compensating for large caloric intakes, including the following: Purging type and Non- Purging type. Purging-type bulimia involves self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics or enemas to rid the body of food eaten during binges before it is digested or metabolized. Non-purging bulimics will make use of other methods to prevent weight gain, such as fasting or over-exercising.
How can you help the individuals to socialise at mealtimes? How do you prepare to handle the food? How do you prepare your clients to eat and drink? List the signs that a client may be allergic to a particular type of food. When would these signs present?
The DSM (IV) states four criteria for AN. The first is the anxiety associated with the disorder and the excessive fear of being fat. The second criterion weight loss is considered to be abnormal when it drops below 85% of the individual’s normal weight, based on age and height. People with AN develop unusual eating habits e.g. Avoiding food & meals or carefully weighing & portioning food.
According to the Set Point Theory, we have a biologically determined standard around which our body weight is regulated. Hence we eat too little or too much. In response to this, homeostatic mechanisms alter our metabolism and appetite accordingly, to return us close to our original weight. According to Passer et al (2009), persistent over or under eating may make it increasingly more difficult for homeostatic mechanisms to return us close to our original weight and over time may cause us to settle at a new weight. The Ventromedial Nucleus is the Satiety Centre.