It is called binge eating or compulsive eating. This is when a person feels compelled to overeat and they eat high calorie and fat food. generally eating disorders are result of stress. Unfortunately, eating disorders affect the person physically, psychologically and socially. Anxiety disorder also is the main type of mental ill health according to the psychiatric classification system.
Discuss explanations for the success and/or failure of dieting (25 marks) The cognitive behavioural approach looks to explain dieting through positive and negative thought processes. The main reason why people want to lose weight is because they have negative views on their own body image. Herman and Polivy try to explain why restraint might actually increase eating, through their boundary model, which is that when dieting there is a conflict between the physiological need for food and the cognitive control over what should be eaten whilst dieting. The problem is that after the first 5-10% initial weight los the person begins to reach a plateau and the weight loss stops. A further problem is that at this point the body’s psychological needs and desire to maintain a certain set point over ride the cognitive control of the diet.
Unit 4222-366 (DEM 302) Outcome 1 1. Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition. Firstly I will look at cognitive in reference to eating, drinking and nutrition. Some people with dementia can suffer from clinical depression and this would be a cognitive change, as an affect of depression the appetite of an individual will be affected and this may lead to someone having a small or no appetite and under eating this may lead to malnutrition and dehydration, or someone having an increase appetite which will cause over eating and may lead to someone gaining weight or becoming obese which carries many health conditions. Secondly, functional changes that may occur with someone with dementia is that they may have had a stroke or have weakness in using limbs which would affect them using utensils such as a knife and fork for instance not having the strength to lift the fork to their mouth.
What role do psychological and social factors play in the cause of anorexia? Amanda Watson Edith Cowan University Abstract Anorexia is an eating disorder where an individual engages in an relentless pursuit to be thin, engaging in deliberate starvation which can often be fatal, resulting in death (Bruch, 1973). Anorexia nervosa is an illness, not a choice, and other psychological disorders may occur along with anorexia, including depression, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder (Bruch, 1973). Influences of the media and enmeshment of family dynamics are found to be precursors of development of the disorder (Bruch, 1973). "The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV -TR defines anorexia nervosa using the following criteria, including a refusal to maintain body weight above 15% below that which is expected, an extreme fear of weight gain, despite being significantly underweight, a disturbance in body image such as feeling fat, even though the individual is underweight, and in females amenorrhea for at least three consecutive menstrual cycles".
HCG linked to losing weight was discovered by a London physician in the 1950s. The claim states this doctor was treating boys with low testosterone levels using HCG and he noticed that they were losing abnormal fat. He linked HCG to this cause and started using HCG to treat obese patients. HCG can be used to lose weight quickly, at a rate of one to three pounds per day (because of the low caloric count). Due to the lack of nutrients this diet provides and such low calorie intake, this diet can be used for no more than 6 weeks, with a 3 week break in between.
Outline and evaluate explanations for the success/failure in dieting One explanation for the success or failure in dieting can be explained using the “restraint theory.” Restrained eating is a common characteristic of dieting and research shows that 89% of the female population in the UK consciously restrain their food intake in some point of their lives. Herman and Polivy (1894) developed the boundary model in an attempt to explain why dieting may lead to overeating. According to this model, hunger keeps intake of food above a certain minimum, and satiety works to keep intake below some maximum level. Dieters tend to have a larger range between hunger and satiety levels as it takes them longer to feel hungry and more food to satisfy them. Restrained eaters have a self-imposed desired intake.
Introduction Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the two main eating disorders. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are similar in that there is an inaccurate perception of body weight, size or shape and/or marked over-concern about body weight, size or shape. However, there are differences. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by voluntary maintenance of unhealthy low weight (less than 85% of expected), cessation of menstrual periods for at least three cycles (amenorrhea), and an intense fear of weight gain or becoming fat. On the other hand, bulimia nervosa is characterized by inappropriate weight reducing behavior (vomiting, laxative or diuretic abuse, excessive exercise, fasting) at least twice a week and large uncontrolled binge eating at least twice a week.
DEM 302 Understanding and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia. 1.1 Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating. If the individuals cognitive ability is impaired they could forget to eat and drink, as well as think that they haven’t been fed, we might think they had a drink or eaten their food where as they might have tipped their drink down the sink or thrown their food away. If the functional ability changes it could mean that they can’t hold cutlery or hold a drink, therefore unable to feed themselves or feed themselves properly. When the emotional state changes they may become stressed and not want to eat or drink and may also forget that they need to
Bissou L Bahi Prof Dowdy English 111 Spring 2012 TOPIC: HUNGER AND POVERTY IN THE THIRD WORLD I. Introduction Hunger is a term which has three meanings (Oxford English Dictionary 1971) such as the uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food; craving appetite. Hunger is not just the need to eat; hunger, as the word is used by food and health experts, can be defined as the continuing deprivation in a person of the food needed to support a healthy life. The more technical term is under nutrition. Over time, hunger slows physical and mental development in children and leaves them more vulnerable to illness and disease.