People with this disorder usually eat low calorie diet, and make starving themselves. Another type of eating disorder could be bulimia. Individual with bulimia tries to control his/her weight by binge eating and then by deliberately being sick or using laxatives and medication to help empty their bowels. These two disorders when people under eat, but there is the eating disorder when person over eat. It is called binge eating or compulsive eating.
Unit 4222-366 (DEM 302) Outcome 1 1. Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition. Firstly I will look at cognitive in reference to eating, drinking and nutrition. Some people with dementia can suffer from clinical depression and this would be a cognitive change, as an affect of depression the appetite of an individual will be affected and this may lead to someone having a small or no appetite and under eating this may lead to malnutrition and dehydration, or someone having an increase appetite which will cause over eating and may lead to someone gaining weight or becoming obese which carries many health conditions. Secondly, functional changes that may occur with someone with dementia is that they may have had a stroke or have weakness in using limbs which would affect them using utensils such as a knife and fork for instance not having the strength to lift the fork to their mouth.
If this is preferred then to promote their dignity food presented for that function should be laid out. Emotional Changes can be the negative emotions brought about from the confused state of mind brought on by the Dementia. In other words they might not understand that there is something wrong with them but the behaviours of others might lead them to feeling something is wrong, which causes stress. 1.2)Not eating enough can lead to weight loss and other problems including vulnerability to infection, reduced muscle strength and fatigue. People with dementia may become dehydrated if they are unable to communicate or recognise that they are thirsty, or if they forget to drink.
Failure to do so results in their immune system producing antibodies which attacks the lining of their bowel causing them to have abdominal pains, constipation/diarrhoea, bloating, difficulty in gaining weight in childhood or maintaining weight in adulthood and anaemia. Because it affects the way their body can absorb nutrients it can also lead to osteoporosis and increase their risk of bowel cancer. Some foods can be bought that are labelled ‘gluten free’ but tend to be more expensive. • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is the term used to describe a condition when on inspection of the bowel everything seems normal, but the person suffers with symptoms like abdominal pain, flatulence, bloating and constipation/diarrhoea. The person may want to keep a food diary to help discover which foods make their condition worse and avoid them in the future.
It is in the spirit of theses questions that this paper was written. These questions refer to what is known as eating disorders. Eating disorders involve serious instabilities in eating behavior. This can mean an unhealthy reduction of food intake or extreme over eating.
Unit 49;Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia. 1) Understand the nutritional needs that are unique to individuals with dementia. 1.1) Describe how cognitive, functional, and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition; Symptoms associated with dementia, can have detrimental effect on individuals, if they are not addressed and resolved. In some individuals, cognitive impairments interfere with the sequences and patterns associated with completing tasks, so, remembering how to use items such as cutlery, drinking cups etc, and the order, or way in which to use them are lost. It can mean that tasks such as making a cup of tea, or a sandwich can no longer be completed.
Outline and evaluate explanations for the success/failure in dieting One explanation for the success or failure in dieting can be explained using the “restraint theory.” Restrained eating is a common characteristic of dieting and research shows that 89% of the female population in the UK consciously restrain their food intake in some point of their lives. Herman and Polivy (1894) developed the boundary model in an attempt to explain why dieting may lead to overeating. According to this model, hunger keeps intake of food above a certain minimum, and satiety works to keep intake below some maximum level. Dieters tend to have a larger range between hunger and satiety levels as it takes them longer to feel hungry and more food to satisfy them. Restrained eaters have a self-imposed desired intake.
What role do psychological and social factors play in the cause of anorexia? Amanda Watson Edith Cowan University Abstract Anorexia is an eating disorder where an individual engages in an relentless pursuit to be thin, engaging in deliberate starvation which can often be fatal, resulting in death (Bruch, 1973). Anorexia nervosa is an illness, not a choice, and other psychological disorders may occur along with anorexia, including depression, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder (Bruch, 1973). Influences of the media and enmeshment of family dynamics are found to be precursors of development of the disorder (Bruch, 1973). "The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV -TR defines anorexia nervosa using the following criteria, including a refusal to maintain body weight above 15% below that which is expected, an extreme fear of weight gain, despite being significantly underweight, a disturbance in body image such as feeling fat, even though the individual is underweight, and in females amenorrhea for at least three consecutive menstrual cycles".
Mary Scales May 2, 2012 SCI220 Week 1: Discussion Questions • What are some health problems related to inadequate diets? Provide a brief explanation of the problem and the body system involved. If you eat more than you use the surplus energy is stored as body fat; this could lead to you becoming overweight which increases your risk of disease and disability. Some health problems such as high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, non-insulin dependent diabetes, joint pain, constipation, and becoming short of breath. Your risks multiply if you eat to much animal fat, smoke, drink alcohol and get very little exercise.
Introduction Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the two main eating disorders. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are similar in that there is an inaccurate perception of body weight, size or shape and/or marked over-concern about body weight, size or shape. However, there are differences. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by voluntary maintenance of unhealthy low weight (less than 85% of expected), cessation of menstrual periods for at least three cycles (amenorrhea), and an intense fear of weight gain or becoming fat. On the other hand, bulimia nervosa is characterized by inappropriate weight reducing behavior (vomiting, laxative or diuretic abuse, excessive exercise, fasting) at least twice a week and large uncontrolled binge eating at least twice a week.