GR 230 Nutrition in Health & Disease Chapter 2 Assignments 1. What are the consequences of slowed digestion in older adults? The consequences of a slowed digestive symptoms in older adults ranges from different disorders effects. Disorders like gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) will that affect the mouth and esophagus may make eating and swallowing difficult may trigger heartburn or pain in the chest in older adults. This causes frustration and reduce the willingness to eat.
There are many underlying health conditions that result in specific nutrient needs and influence what people can or cannot eat. For example people who suffer from conditions such as diabetes mellitus, coeliac disease, irritable bowel syndrome, lactose intolerance and food allergies will probably have to be very careful of what they eat due to consequences such as weight gain, serious food allergic reactions as well as very uncomfortable symptoms like abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea etc. So it is important that they have to exclude certain foods from their diet, which could influence their dietary intake as well as their nutrient intake. There are also other who are unable to absorb certain nutrients into their bodies and this can cause a deficiency of those nutrients, so they have to take supplements. In conditions such as diabetes mellitus in which the hormone insulin is either not being produced in the pancreas at all, or it is being produced in insufficient amounts or it could also be that the body is not utilising the insulin produced properly.
Unit 21 P3, M2 Group 4 Influences on dietary intake In this assignment I will be explaining various factors that can influence an individual’s dietary intake and how it can affect their health. It is important that individuals eat a healthy diet, and include all the vital nutrients both macro and micro. Sometimes it can be very difficult when we have to stay away from particular foods to make sure that we eat a balanced diet. Some people have likes and dislikes in food and tend to eat the food they like and this can cause many problems on their health. For instance if someone eats a lot of fatty foods like Kentucky fried chicken (KFC), they are putting themselves at risk of becoming obese or even developing cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes it is very important for a person that has diabetes has a healthy diet if it is not controlled properly it can lead to some very serious complications such as, blindness, kidney failure, strokes, and gangrene leading to amputation of lower limbs.
Now, if the stones are large, they can block the duct that leads from the gall bladder. This causes pain and require treatment. It does not always necessitate having your gall bladder removed. Sometimes with a change to a low-fat, high- fiber diet that reduces refined foods such as white breads, pasta and sugar and increased exercise (or in many cases, adding exercise), the gall bladder might perk up and do what it is supposed to do, which is store and release bile when needed in the digestive
This can cause the person to have severe abdominal pain, fever, nausea and abnormal bowel habits. Rest, antibiotics and diet changes can treat mild cases of diverticulitis, but serious cases require surgery to remove the diseased portion of the colon. By including more high-fiber foods in your diet, it can help prevent both types of diverticular disease. Fortunately, most people with diverticulosis never develop diverticulitis. Causes Diverticula usually develop under pressure when naturally weak places in your colon give away.
Some symptoms from bulimia are erosion of the teeth from acid and stomach ulcers may occur. People with bulimia often eat a large quantity of food in a short period of time and then have feelings of guilt. They often purge or improperly use laxatives in order to prevent weight gain. People think with the use of laxatives it will cause them to lose weight in a short period of time. With the improper use of laxatives it causes the depletion of potassium, which then in turn causes the sodium levels to build up.
Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia. Outcome 1 1) People with dementia can easily forget to eat and drink or if they have eaten or drunk sometimes they want more when they have already eaten, they can for get their likes / disli,kes, these can have various consequences to their well being I.e Lose / gain weight , eat the wrong foods especially if they have dietary problems ( diabetic or allergies, high cholesterol. Some people with dementia need observing, prompting and encouragement. 2) Poor nutrition due to lack of sustenance can cause brain and health deterioration as not they are not getting the correct balanced diet. 3) Forgetting to eat or drink/ eaten or drunk can cause distress and emotional problems, also could cause health problems I.e Bowl movement, bladder problems (UTI’s), challenging behaviour, problems when assisting to eat.
Explain how the following factors have/may influence an individual’s diets: • Medical disorders/Health factors • Personal preference/ Dietary habits • Lifestyle • Economic • Socio-cultural factors • Social policy Health factors There is a number of health factors involved with affecting an individual’s diet these are: • Diabetes mellitus • Coeliac disease • Lactose intolerance • Irritable bowel syndrome • Food allergy Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the hormone insulin is either not being produced by the pancreas, is being produced in insufficient quantities or is not being used properly by the body. There are 2 types of diabetes mellitus, type 1 diabetes mellitus is the most severe type and is also known as IDDM (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) and type 2 diabetes mellitus is less severe and is known as NIDDM (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus). People that have either types of diabetes mellitus have to ensure they are consistently eating at the same times every day and especially who if they are taking long-acting insulin (e.g. NPH) if a meal is skipped or delayed they are at risk for developing low blood glucose. Diabetes effects a person’s diet as the body can’t use sugar and carbohydrates as well as it should as the pancreas can’t produce enough insulin to break the sugars down to turn into a source of energy.
Explain the pathophysiology underlying the patient’s abnormal ESR. With an underactive thyroid the patient would have an abnormal T3 and T4 count. These are the hormones secreted by the thyroid. Her fasting Glucose level was high as well. This could be due to a poor diet which would also explain the weight gain.
Lifetime Diet Project NTFD 3250 Long-term effects of eating disorders with focus on Anorexia bulimia Inevitably, one assumes that eating disorders do damage to health. However the damage is detrimental by how our bodies physiologically respond and compensate for the lack of nutrients it absorbs. While studies show anorexia causes damages to vital organs and blood concentrations, it is noted that an eating order will likely cause health problems for the rest of a person’s life, even after re-feeding patients to improve health. Depending on the seriousness of the eating disorder and duration of the disorder, will affect the ability for healing processes to even occur. The duration of the eating disorder, if serious enough, it will create