In this approach, humans are portrayed as acting as opposed to being acted upon. Mead (1934) proposed that both human development and the meanings we assign to everyday objects and events are fundamentally social processes, they require the interaction of multiple individuals; language is crucial to the development of self and society, the means by which communicate with one another. Society and self were created through communicative acts like speech and gestures; the individual personality was shaped by society, and vice versa. For symbolic interactionists, society is produced and reproduced through our interactions with each other by language and our interpretation of it, and the building block of everything else in society is face-to-face interaction through it we create a meaningful social reality. Blumer in 1969 stipulated three basic tenets the first one says, we act toward things on the basis of their meanings.
He also stated that "Group dynamics describes the effects of these distinct roles and behaviours on other group members and on the group as a whole’’. He further added that a group with a positive dynamic is easy to spot as team members trust one another, working towards a combined result, and also holding one another responsible for making things happen. Therefore, a positive group dynamic improves and increases productivity and to improve a group’s dynamic, the following approaches should be considered: 1. Know Your Team: As a leader, you need to guide the development of your group. So, start by learning about the phases that a group goes through as it develops.
Conformity is a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behavior in order to fit in with a group. This change is in response to real (involving the physical presence of others) or imagined (involving the pressure of social norms / expectations) group pressure. Basically, it can be summed up as yielding oneself to group pressures and differs based on the social setting and pressures thereof. A person adjusts his/her thinking or behavior to coincide with a particular group’s standard. Explaining Sherif’s Results • Why did Sherif’s participants change their estimates when they had to call out their answers in the presence of other people?
3. Symbolic interactionist: Humans act based on symbolic meanings they find within any given situation. We interact with the symbols, forming relationships. The goals of our interactions with one another are to create shared meaning. The meanings assigned to things can be changed recurrently by the creative capabilities of humans which can influence the society.
Say when and who with you would use group interaction within your setting and how you can ensure effective communication when you use it. Make sure you give examples of different groups and the language you would use with the different groups. Explain what you need to consider with a group interaction. Explain some of the different communication forms you would use in your setting: how you would use it, who with and why, how can it help communication be effective. Explain some of the interpersonal interaction you would use in your setting: how you would use it, who with and why, how can it help communication be effective.
Chemers M (1997) showed that leadership has been described as the "process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of common tasks". As a result it might have significant influences to the efforts and motivation of employees on their working performance. In addition, leadership can build; influence and changing the organizational culture and it might contribute to the establishment of the organizational culture. One of the primary responsibilities of strategic leader is to create working
Reflection: o How do you experience the difference between contents and process? o How do you see yourself: primarily a contents or a process person? o Where do you see your comfort level or balance between the two? This module will connect group process with group development and group leadership. I.
The impact on the personality of the individual, it has the characteristics of participation in the life of the community. The variety of contacts, relationships and active participation in the life of the surrounding general give shape to the human personality. There are two types of social structure, macro and micro which allows the individual to notice, whatever man is constantly in contact, which affects the shape of humans’ personality. One of the most important perspectives of sociological theories is the distinction between structural and social action. Structural action, in other words structuralism, is a perspective which is concerned with the overall structure of society and sees individual behavior molded by social institutions like the family, the educations, the mass media and work.
Authority provides direction, protection, and order. Authority can be formal or informal. Ethical behavior must begin at the top of an organization. Improve your ability to lead the organization successfully leadership must set the great example with vision, passion,