What was so significant about these aqueducts is that they stretched for miles, starting at the nearest water source. From there the aqueduct waterway bridges would be built across mountain ranges and other challenging obstacles. What made these aqueducts so practical is their design and efficiency with conservancy of materials and space. By acquiring an arch (a design also invented by the Romans) they were able to maintain a sturdy structure while saving materials, which essentially saved money and time. What also made the aqueducts so remarkable is that the Romans were able to calculate the angle of slope that was required in order to maintain water flow while still achieving the finish point.
They are most famous for their architecture, based on the new ideas and materials that they established. The Romans learned concepts from prior ages and altered them with the aim of building up their Empire and creating a stronger basis for living. Through mastering skills of architecture and engineering, the Romans were able to change the face of Europe forever. They learned not only to master ways of creating solid structures but also ways of giving them character and style. Roman architecture did not simply appear out of thin air; it has its roots in Grecian and Etruscan architecture.
ROMAN TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING Kasey Simas HIS 103 World Civilizations I Instructor Max Fassnacht January 28, 2013 ROMAN TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING Roman empires flourished, which can largely be attributed to the emperors that created government, laws, cities, military, and many buildings and structures. This would not be possible without the use of technology. In order to talk about roman technology and engineering we must first understand what technology is. Technology is “the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science (technology, n.d.).” The Pantheon is a great example of Roman architecture. Most historians believe Emperor Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa built the first Pantheon in 27BC, though no one knows its exact age.
Synergist muscles also help to create the movement. In the bicep curl the synergist muscles are the brachioradialis and brachialis which assist the biceps to create the movement. Agonist: The agonist in a movement is the muscle(s) that provides the major force to complete the movement. Because of this agonists are known as the ‘prime movers’. In the bicep curl which produces flexion at the elbow, the biceps muscle is the agonist, as seen in the image below.
As is the case for most modern day scientific advances, as they found their beginning in Egypt and Mesopotamia over five thousand years ago. The remains of palaces and the pyramids show the engineering skills of these ancients. Besides these engineering skills, Egyptians devised ways of measurement which allowed each Egyptian to get his own land back following the seasonal flooding of the Nile River. The early Egyptians also had a good working knowledge of chemistry which was exhibited as they prepared metals, made wine, paints, perfumes, and cosmetics. Also, the ancient Greeks were credited with many developments that have led to modern day sciences.
Once he passed away, his son, emperor Domitian, took over not only the throne, but also the project that soon would be a legendary arena for years to come (building the Coliseum). ‘’The large structure was built to help win over the roman populace to the rule of the new Flavian Dynasty’’ (Martial on the Coliseum). What really makes the Roman Coliseum so legendary was the overall appearance of the structure. The building amazed the human eye. The site of the building was once occupied by and artificial lake.
ROMAN ARCHITECTURE My fascination with Roman architecture begins with the Romans ability to achieve such greatness and sustainability within their work without the means that we have in our design world today such as industrial machinery and Technology. The work of the Romans is design ingenuity. They were able to create such huge rooms with such high ceilings, as well as so many different aspects within one building, for example the Colosseum. Within this building Romans played many types of games and held shows including beast hunts and gladiator combats. Oval in shape, it had incredible interconnecting corridors that would lead to six tiers of seats, thus allowing a huge audience to sit within its walls.
Author: James E. Packer Title: The Forum of Trajan in Rome, A Study of the Monuments in Brief Publication Information: ©2001, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London Marcus Ulpius Traianus was a Roman Emperor in AD 98-117, known as the Roman Emperor of Trajan. Because of the militaristic skill that he showed, Nerva chose him to be his successor on the Imperial throne. Trajan was praised in his time by the Romans because he built roads and aqueducts. Trajan’s forum was an elaborate one and was made of polished marble, bronze and gold. The two main elements of the new Forum of Trajan were that it had an open piazza as well as a basilica, both of which were very large.
Ancient Roman Architecture How the Romans paved the road for the future Although this may be the twenty-first century in modern America, a new world where super-computers, digital information, and even space travel is considered common, we can look around our modern cities and trace today’s architecture to that of the ancient Romans. The ancient Roman civilization is now well known for its’ Imperial powers during its’ long reign in the ancient world. Many people may first think of Julius Caesar (100 BC-44 BC), an Emperor of Rome whom pronounced himself Dictator after conquering most of the then known world and building the Roman Empire into the absolute super power of the time. Some will remember ancient Rome as a barbaric society, because of modern glorification of gladiators and the Coliseum in cinema. However, Rome is no longer the center power of the world, and the bloody trials of the gladiators are a long event of the past.
The plumbing system was such a big achievement for the people of the Indus, because it was more sanitary. So because of the plumbing system, the Indus was one of the most advanced civilization in their time. Greece was also a great civilization. The Greeks created myths or traditional stories about their gods. Most, if not all, of the characters were men.