Through the Etruscans, Rome learned how to build huge and complex structures where before that knowledge did not exist. This period of Roman architecture can be defined along with Rome’s governmental development. Republican Rome began in 509 B.C. and with it entered the beginning of Rome’s architectural greatness. Since Rome was not restrained because of its conquerors it was free to create whatever they wished, however they wanted.
The Etruscans tried to create a new architectural style that differed from that of the Greeks. Grecian architecture included columns and steps surrounding the entire span of the temple, while Etruscan columns and stairs were only placed in the front of the temple. One main difference between the two types of architecture was that Etruscan temples were built out of a type of limestone called tufa. In contrast to this, the Greek temples were made out of marble, making them stronger and more durable (Carr). The Etruscan builders were influenced greatly by those in Greece, while the Romans were influenced by
Ancient Greek architecture is a product of the Hellenic and the Hellenistic people. Ancient Greek architecture is best known for its temples, most of which are found in the region as ruins. Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by its highly formalized characteristics, both of structure and decoration, particularly in the temples. Most often these temples are raised on the high grounds so that the beauty of the well illuminated structure can be enjoyed from a good distance away in all angles. Although limestone was available the building material primarily used was stone, especially high quality marble.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS BETWEEN ROMAN AND GREEK ARCHITECTURE ROMAN ARCHITECTURE Romans were famous for their advancement in architecture and engineering. Before the Romans, the most commonly used building style was the post and lintel. This way of building was of course limited in the weight it could carry and therefore the span between the supports. The Roman Architecture changed all this and advanced this by introducing new methods of architecture; The Columns and The Arches. With these methods the romans were able to construct bigger temples and buildings than ever before.
Besides being successful traders, the Mycenaeans were vicious soldiers and great engineers who designed and built big bridges, fortification walls, and tombs. Also, the Mycenaeans were known for their excellent artwork mainly known for their brilliant Fresco paintings.. Till this day their frescos are very popular and very rare pieces of art to find. The Minoans and Mycenaeans had some
This helps to reach a better understanding of why Hellenization actually occurred in Rome. As Rome was in the midst of a changing republic it looked on new ways to express ones power and wealth. They looked to the Greeks and saw the beautiful temples and structures being built by the wealthy and successful in battle, thus the romans began to use architecture as the Greeks did. Octavius was the first roman to Hellenize Rome with his porticus and therefore was the start to a new era in roman architecture. The reason the Porticus Octavia is relied on so much to describe the Hellenization is due to how similarly Octavius modeled after the Greeks.
Han China and Imperial Rome had different cultures and ways on how to run their country which made them advanced and powerful. The Roman Empire and Han Dynasty were similar in many ways. Imperial Rome and Han China had highly centralized governments that made them powerful. Only wealthy men could participate in political affairs and they had more power. Han China and Imperial Rome were more advanced than any other empire because they built roads that helped the trade, and become more successful.
Roman art was one type of ancient art that consisted of sculptures, painting, architecture, murals, and much more. The Romans typically built statues to show loyalty to their gods. Statues were mostly made out of clay or marble and occasionally incorporated metal. Statues of the emperor, gods, and goddess were displayed on the roman streets so all could see. The palaces had murals painted on their walls, which depicted roman life and stories about heroes.
The Doric order used sturdy columns with little decoration; the Ionic order was more elegant, but required more highly refined mathematical skills to properly distribute the weight of the roof; the Corinthian order was highly stylized, and was not in popular use until its adoption by the Romans (“Art,” n.d., para. 2). The development of the arch in Roman architecture allowed for a greater use of open spaces, though columns remained ever in fashion (Andrews, 2012, para. 8). The temples in Greece and Rome differed slightly in function as well as design.
These temples were not only dedicated to Amon Ra and his family but they also had giant statues showing tribute to Ramses as well. The Karnak and Luxor temples both had areas of Heliopolis which are areas where intelligent people go to talk to other intelligent people. Most of the intelligent people were scribes. Most, if not all, of the writing on the walls and halls of the Karnak and Luxor Temples were engraved by scribes. They were paid more and were highly educated compared to everyone else in Egypt except the Pharaohs and other Scribes.