Lindsey Swidergal Period 7 October 29, 2010 The Greeks Impact on Western Civilization More than thousands of years ago the Greeks made advancements that have affected our society today. Art had affected this by the building of sculptures, different architecture, the beginning of drama, and literature. In math, different solutions were created that we still use in present day. Through philosophy, people came with new ideas of thinking and understanding, Democracy made the society have freedom and increase in advancements. The ancient Greeks contributed philosophy, art, math, and democracy to Western Civilization.
Furthermore the composite bow was another pertinent contribution to Egyptian weaponry as this combined with the chariot were the main weapons attributed to military success in this period. Even though these contributions were classed as short term, the basic designs and ideas behind their designs would of contributed to the long-term evolution of the military technology as well as the new metals introduced such as bronze. The significance of the Hyksos’ reign more significantly impacted Egypt in the long term, principally with the psychological aftermath they prompted. The shock of their invasion into Egypt resonated for hundreds of years and majorly influenced all of
They lived in a range of structures including pit houses and cliff dwellings. They had a major trade network created and was based in Chacco Canyon and Mesa Verde. As you can see, both of these civilizations were quite advanced and were essential to the growth of our country. There are three main reasons why learning about these two ancient Native American civilizations will be beneficial to us in the present time. They are that we can learn from their mistakes, improve upon their own brilliant inventions, and lastly because it will help us understand how our country’s foundation was laid as these civilizations played a major part in it.
Mesopotamians wrote down what event happened in cuneiform and wrote the date so they know when it happened. Some extraordinary inventions were the ones the Mesopotamian invented. According to Document 1and 2, both a secondary source, the first document states that Mesopotamia “contributed immensely to industrial technology” by inventing useful objects like the wheel. The second document talks about the ziggurat, a temple built to the gods that looked like huge squares of different size placed on top of each other starting from the largest to the smallest.
It is similar because of the extensive contacts and trade between Pre-Classical Greece and Mesopotamia. This impact of similar cultural values, are manifested in their mythology. There aren’t many documents of official trades between Greece and Mesopotamia, only a few depictions in cuneiform; however, archaeologists know that the Ionian Greeks that had taken control of Western Anatolia had established a trade route with Mesopotamia leading through Lydia and Persia called “The Royal Road”, built by Darius in 5th century BCE.  Archaeologists also know that not just Ionians but the whole Greek empire had adapted the Babylonian sexigesmal system and were exchanging knowledge of philosophy for knowledge of mathematics.  The Greeks and the Mesopotamians had often met in Egypt and Anatolia and worked together with the Persians.
Roman Aqueducts Even in the 21st century the ingeniousness of Roman engineering, dating back to 700 B.C., is not lost. The scale and integrity of their projects are still marveled about today. United States citizens are much like the Romans in that we continually work to improve our lifestyles by making daily life more convenient. We do it on a different level than the Romans but the simple fact is—from transportation (air, sea and land) to getting a drink of water or taking a shower—we are always seeking improvement. The Romans influenced such a vast area of the world for an extended amount of time due to their superior engineering skills.
The Scientific Revolution During the 1600’s to 1700’s, the western world was greatly influenced by science. Wonderful scientists such as Galileo, Isaac Newton, Copernicus, and William Harvey all played contributing roles during the Scientific Revolution. Not only did scientists have a large impact on the western world, but discoveries and inventions such as the study of astronomy and the invention of the telescope played important roles as well. In 1564, our world was changed due to the birth of one of the most well-known and influencial scientists, Galileo Galilei. Being the oldest of seven, he set out to learn about medicine and eventually found that he had a passion for arithmetic.
This is a major turning point in Judaism because at this time, the population was “enlightened” in the aspect that religion and science could coexist. “Those who acknowledge the truth will accept as the best proof for the Creation the fact that everything in Nature serves a certain purpose, so that one exist for the benefit of another.” Maimonedes’ deep influence in Judaism was mainly creating a belief that God and science could coexist. Jews with time endorsed his philosophy becoming well-educated. His philosophy also helped Jews have a connection with the Gentile
The Mayan calendar is a great example of how intelligent the Mayans were. They used astronomy to figure out that there were 365 days in a year. Their culture and religion also help to declare the Mayans as a great civilization. <br> <br>The Mayan calendar is very complex and accurate. It was made up of three different parts; the Tzolkin, the Haab, and the Long Count.
Many factors contributed to the decline of scientific knowledge such as civil disturbance, plague, and corrupt theocracy. Due to the Middle Ages, Europe fell behind other civilizations such as the Chinese, the Arabs, Persians, and Indians in terms of science and mathematics. During pre-Medieval Europe, the Greeks and Romans made many achievements in the discovery of science. Early Greek and Roman philosophers attempted to answer the questions found in myths, like “How did the ordered cosmos in which we live come to be? ” Such desire for knowledge led to many advances in factual knowledge in anatomy, zoology, botany, mineralogy, geography, astronomy, and mathematics.