Role of Human Sexuality and Gender in Correlation to Eating Disorders

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Role of Sexuality and Gender in Correlation to Eating Disorders Joshua Evans University of Arkansas-Fort Smith Psychology of Human Sexuality-Dr. Gregory Roberts Role of Sexuality and Gender in Correlation to Eating Disorders The role of sex, gender, and sexuality factors on disordered eating is a vital aspect to investigate. Eating disorders occur in approximately 0.5-3.0% of the population, with more affected females than males (Baker et al., 2009). However, males should not be discounted when it comes to the seriousness of developing and treating any form of an eating disorder. Although a convergence in eating disorder pervasiveness is being seen between the sexes, a sex difference still exists. Interestingly enough, sexual preference in terms of sexuality is also a factor under close inquiry. What are the correlations between eating disorders and human sexuality, and what factors play a role in the association between males and females? These are questions that are under incessant analysis, with several associations already publicized. Until recently, research examining Eating Disorders (EDs) in males and the sex differences in EDs focused on individual cases or small clinical samples. This research revealed the clinical presentation and course, symptomatology, medical complications, and prognosis of EDs are comparable between the sexes (Baker et al., 2009). Now it seems that the approach to these investigations has shifted to larger community based samples to examine such factors. Such studies revealed many similarities and variances between sexes in the risk for eating disorders. Body mass index (BMI), social pressure to be thin, and body dissatisfaction for instance, were all associated with the development of both disordered eating symptoms and eating disorders in both males and females. Some important differences to note are that the manifestation
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