Law and Justice Foundation NSW, ‘Taking Justice into Custody: The Legal Needs of Prisoners’, Anne Grunseit et al. 2008, http://www.lawfoundation.net.au/report/prisoners [ 15 ]. Greg Barns, Prisoners and Barriers to their access to Legal Services’, (National Access to Justice and Pro Bono Services Conferences, Brisbane, 27 August 2010) https://wic041u.server-secure.com/vs155205_secure/CMS/files_cms/NA2JPBC2010-Barns.pdf [ 16 ]. Former Chief Justice Murray Gleeson, ‘Social Invisibility’ (Speech delivered at the St Vincent de Paul Society, Inaugural Gerald Ward Lecture, Canberra, 7 November 2008,) http://www.hcourt.gov.au/assets/publications/speeches/former-justices/gleesoncj/gleeson7nov08.pdf [ 17 ]. Vexatious Proceedings Act NSW
Report 102 – Sentencing: Corporate Offenders. Retrieved from: http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lrc.nsf/pages/r102chp03 Packer, H. L. (1968). The Limits of the Criminal Sanction . Stanford, : Stanford University Press. Seiter, R. P. (2011).
The main three I will focus on are family functioning, economic status and a two-parent versus a single-parent household. All of these factors hold a key role in the juveniles’ upbringing and the role they play in society as well. These factors also lead to delinquency if the family is not a properly functioning family. A theoretical view of social disorganization will explain why and how family structure impacts juvenile delinquency. This paper will also look at possible racial, gender, and other variations in the family structure-delinquency relationship.
This was first brought attention to by Stanley Cohen’s book ‘Folk Devils and Moral Panics’ (1972), he pointed out that some crime is given more attention and exaggerated so the societal response is likewise. If we are to study how youth crime is portrayed by the community, state and media alike we must understand the role of moral panics within these portrayals. And so, the purpose of this essay is to assess weather concerns and attitudes towards youth crime can be explained by and determined as truly a “Moral Panic”. In order to assess this question fully, we must first define the concept of moral panic. Stanley Cohen was the first one to extensively use the term and very much spread its influence and use.
School of Arts & Social Sciences James Cook University Cover Sheet for Assignments Subject Code: CY3002 Assignment: 1 Title: The Juvenile Justice and other Acts Amendment Act 2009 recently reviewed Queensland’s Juvenile justice Act 1992, and put in place a range of reforms designed to ensure that the states youth justice system would remain robust enough to”.. meet community expectations of the justice system, ad address the underlying causes of crime”. What were the main amendments made to th said 1992 Act and critically discuss whether the Queensland government was justified in doing so. Due Date: 21-6-2011 Lecturer’s Name: Dr. Mark David Chong Tutor’s Name: Student’s Name: Therese Dornonville JCU Student Number: 11462277 Declaration 1) This assignment is my original work and no part has been copied from any other person’s work or from any other source except where acknowledgement has been made. 2) I hold a copy of this assignment and can produce a copy if requested. 3) This assignment has not been written for me by any other person.
The essay will be looking at these risk factors and their effects with particular reference to the Youth Justice System, in addition to other agencies. The essay will then go on to examine some studies conducted into risk factors, including Farrington’s work. It will also look at any policies or procedures that have been introduced as a result of the perceived importance of risk factors, such as …………, before endeavoring to decide how valuable the use of risk factors can be in the management of young offenders. Risk factors can be simply defined as those variables which may predict an “increased probability of later offending” (Kazdin et al., 1997, cited in Newburn, 2007, p.841). The Youth Justice Board, one of the major bodies involved in working with youth offenders, state that they are “working to prevent offending and reoffending by children and young people under the age of 18” (Justice, 2012).
Various studies of both incarcerated and nonincarcerated offenders showed high signs of the early onset of deviant sexual behavior and potential offense related to it. From these findings, therapist agreed that early intervention to control juvenile sex offenders was necessary. Other rationales for early intervention include; ease of disrupting and preventing deviant sexual behaviors in juveniles, their openness to learning new skills, and the inexpensiveness of early intervention compared to institutional treatment. This booklet discusses eight issues in evaluating sexually abusive adolescents in order to see if a juvenile's sexual behavior is 'normal' or part of a pattern of sexually aggressive behavior. It also discusses the criteria for assessing risk, the goals and treatment methods for juvenile sex offenders, and recommendations for State planning to address juvenile sex offenses.
Intermediate Sanctions Intermediate Sanctions With overcrowding in the juvenile facilities there was a search for some kind of program that would provide the most serious of the juvenile offenders a community based intensive supervision as a substitute to incarceration. The Office Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) responded to this need by funding Post adjudication Nonresidential Intensive Supervision Programs, a project that is overseen and run by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD). They wanted to identify and assess the intensive supervision program. They wanted to provide a program that kept juveniles out of long term facilities and possible give them a better chance and not committing crimes again. (OJJDP 1994).
2008 “Substance Misuse and Mental Health among Aboriginal Australians” accessed at: http://aboriginal.childhealthresearch.org.au/media/54886/chapter9.pdf Ypinazar A1†, Margolis S2, Elkins M1 and Tsey K3 Indigenous Australians’ understandings regarding mental health and disorders 2007, Vol. 41, No. 6 , Pages 467-478 (doi:10.1080/00048670701332953) Accessed at: