Each program is slightly different at their prevention methods; however, no matter the program they have the same goal in mind, which is to keep juveniles off the streets. Some juveniles did not include themselves in a preventative program or they did and still choose the hard life of criminal activities. Programs that step in and try to gear the trouble juvenile to change his or her ways are known as intervention programs. Programs as such allow the juvenile to know that he or she has support and that help is available for them. Certain law enforcement agencies help and participate in intervention programs.
Adult sentencing to juveniles will be historically discussed, statistically evaluated, study oriented, case based and quoted. Myths to this trend excess and programs initiated, that can integrate the future of a better light into the adult prison life as a juvenile. Courts acted as a […] “kind of well-meaning parent or kindly uncle looking after the best interests of the child…a view that …we should rehabilitate, not just punish, the child” (122). This form of juvenile justice was called parens partial (122). This system started to fade away and concerns grow as to how children were made into criminals in adult jails (122-123).
Courts are challenged with an array of factors in establishing an effective system of justice for juveniles that holds juveniles accountable as well as prepares them for reintegration into society as productive citizens. Currently the nation is swept with controversy over Juvenile offenders. Of the many components of Juvenile Delinquency; the main issues raised reflects society’s views on Crime Control versus Due Process and how this pertains to juveniles. Are we incarcerating children into a system that does not hold them accountable? My paper will be an analysis of the juvenile justice system, recidivism rates, and how this process affects the outcome of children and administration in the Juvenile Justice System.
This allowed judges to have more discretion and created a problem of fairness and equality. These decision makers would look at the young offenders’ characteristics such as race, sex, age, family status, and social class. Since the U.S. Supreme Court has introduced the due process clause into the juvenile justice system, there has been a more retributive approach on punishment and less focus on the delinquent’s rights. With this punitive attitude, there has been a less emphasis on rehabilitation which should allow young offenders to be tried as adults. Under certain circumstances, all states allow juveniles to be transferred to the adult criminal court.
Drug users are more likely to commit crimes then non-drug users. Juvenile drug courts were initially established as a recreation due to the growing number of juvenile substance arrests. Funding of the juvenile court programs was established by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The two primary emphases are rehabilitation and diversion. Juvenile drug courts are similar in that most rely on teams of juvenile justice professionals by requiring routine drug tests and mandate frequent appearances in front of a judge.
he court system is very complexed and the process is designed to be fair to everyone. Throughout the system there is a juvenile and adult process that one goes through when he or she has committed a crime. Different sentences are enforced on the individual, depending on his or her age. Although, one's age may be considered a juvenile if a gruesome crime is committed then he or she could face the adult process or sentencing. It is very important to know the important aspects between the juvenile and adult process.
The purpose of this paper is to exhibit the major factors of punishing juvenile offenders and the outcome these punishments produce. It is apparent that juvenile crime is a prevalent problem in the United States in which society should not disregard. On the contrary, the dilemma needs to be dealt with in a civilized manner that is in harmony with the universal standards of justice. There is a highly controversial debate regarding juvenile crime and the punishments allocated to the young offenders. However, when a child engages in criminal activity the degree of the sentence received should coincide with offense .The central emphasis of this content is to illustrate the effects of retribution by holding the juvenile justice system responsible for precisely applying the appropriate sanctions toward deserving individuals.
Crime Causation and Diversion Toni Rowe CJA/374 June 4, 2012 University of Phoenix Crime Causation and Diversion Diversion is “an attempt to divert, or channel out, youthful offenders from the juvenile justice system” (Bynum and Thompson, 1996:430). The concept of diversion is based on the theory that processing certain youth through the juvenile justice system may do more harm than good (Lundman, 1993). The basis of the diversion argument is that youth that commit petty crimes should be handled outside of the juvenile system and be sent to a program. The Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice The Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice is an organization whose mission is to reduce society’s reliance on incarceration as a solution to social problems. This program is nonprofit and provides help to someone that is facing prison time, t educates the public about what effects prison has on a person, and it provides assistance to other jurisdictions that would like to establish programs for offender populations.
There are several juvenile diversions programs within San Diego County created by several police agencies. San Diego County Breaking Cycles (SDBC) This program is designed to deter youth from becoming delinquent. It focuses on three main goals; 1) To reduce the amount of at-risk youth by getting them involved in a prevention program; 2) “improving the juvenile justice system through implementation of a system of graduated sanctions with emphasis on community-based treatment and 3) Breaking the cycle of substance abuse and family problems” (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, n.d.). The SDBC targets juveniles who are in danger of entering the justice system based on their risky behavior that shows a precursor of juvenile delinquency. Facts show that juveniles involved in violent behavior as youth are more likely to become chronic violent offender’s later in life; this program assists these juveniles who have this type of behavior (San Diego
Starting with the highest authority of the courts, where the judges should designate one separation between petty and serious crimes. In that case minors, who commit a petty crime, could avoid prison or being kept in a juvenile institution. As a punishment it could be some volunteer job, which would be mandatory and would be supervised by somebody competent. On the other hand, in the case of serious crimes, in which detention is inevitable, some other ways could be used. First of all, minors should be educated in something∙ from learning an art, to graduating from a university.