Cultural Diversity In Juvenile Crime

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Cultural Diversity in Criminal Justice Malik Freeman CJA/344 9/19/2011 Cultural Diversity in Criminal Justice Juvenile crime rate have been higher in recent years than ever before. Instead of juveniles enjoying playing sports and video games they are learning the ropes about criminal behavior. In this paper I will discuss how race and ethnicity have an affect on juvenile sentencing, certain communities, and how minorities get more time for the crimes they commit. Race and Ethnicity Juvenile sentencing is different from adult sentencing. Juvenile sentencing consists of juveniles up to age seventeen. Juvenile sentencing focuses more on rehabilitation. Rehabilitation is supposed to focus on the juvenile learning from…show more content…
This has started to become a problem more today than before. Kids use to go outside and play with their friends and get along great together. It was never an issue about this neighborhood wanting to fight another neighborhood. Today officers have to constantly deal with juveniles getting into trouble with the law. Juveniles are robbing, stealing and even killing their neighbors behind stupidity. What are some of the reasoning behind this type of activity? Some researchers believe that the structural context of the neighborhoods impact individual participation in violence. (Crutchfield and Martinez, 2010). Living in areas that are disadvantaged causes juveniles to have low self control and bad tempers. These families are low income families that are on public assistance. Some of these juvenile parents are in the system as well. “Smith states that these juveniles have family members who are known to the justice system. He also states that police officers are more likely to arrest suspects in racially mixed or minority neighborhoods” (Crutchfield and Martinez, 2010 p913). These neighborhoods have groups that make these juveniles believe that being in a gang is ok or causing harm to another individual make them fit in to a certain group. Police officers have to constantly patrol these deviant activities that these juveniles participate in. These neighborhoods in return think that the…show more content…
Do we have any proof that this is a known fact in our society? The answer to this question is yes. Since a great deal of minorities are in disadvantage neighborhoods and tend to get in the system more than others they tend to get more time because of their situations. Most minorities that come through the courts systems either have no money or no job. This causes problems for them to get lawyers as well as get out of jail. When you have no money you have to get an appointed lawyer. Minorities tend to be unstable causing them not to own there on home. Owning your own home could help with getting you out of prison. With all of these types of disadvantages on their side they tend to receive more time than non-minorities. Non-minorities tend to be able to get lawyer and property bonds. According to a research done on Latinos/as in the criminal justice system it provided 24 findings that the criminal and juvenile justice system discriminated against Latinos/as (Urbina, 2007). Sentencing is affected by ethnicity that benefits Caucasians over any other minorities and penalizes Latino defendants (Steffensmeier and Demuth 2000; see also Urbania 2003b). (Urbina, 2007). In conclusion you can see that this is not a black and white issue. Minorities make up more than just blacks and have just as much involvement in the system. Minority sentencing as you can see has something to do with race and ethnicity, their community and more

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