Family Violence Creates Violent Societies Mon/Wed 2:30 03/22/2006 More often times than not the prevalence of family violence in societies is overshadowed by more “violent” crimes. However, the crimes that are deemed to be more “violent” are often perpetrated by victims of family violence. How is crime related to family violence? Are children victimized by family violence prone to commit violent crimes in the future? Those exposed to family violence at a young age are more apt to commit violent crimes during teenage or adulthood years.
When we consider social factors, which underlie youth delinquency, it is hard to underestimate the sense of belonging, which young people experience, being involved in gangs. Solitude and lack of support in family and community environments are often the reasons for a young person to become psychologically dependent from a gang. Society seem to fail to provide youth with chances for occupation and self-actualization. (Weatherburn D., 2001) Therefore, young people commit crimes, “having nothing to lose”. As media have popularized “the cult of heroes”, which promotes justice through physical elimination of enemies, young people start to consider criminal behavior an appropriate way for reaching whatever goals.
Delinquncy is prevalent in adolescents, as the United States juvenile justice system has a large portion of inmates under the age of fifteen (Cloward, & Ohlin, 2013). According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) uniform crime reporting program, last year alone law enforcement agencies made around 253,000 arrests of adolescents younger than 13 (Akers, 2011); around 10% of these arrests were for status offenses (for example curfew violation, running away from home, and liquor law violations). Overall, children aged lower then thirteen make up around 9% of all juvenile arrests (i.e. arrests of individuals below 18 years). In addition, over recent years the number of arrests of juveniles for property related crimes reduced 17%, whereas, arrests for violent crimes raised to 45%.
Emotionally those who have been teased, bullied, those who bully schoolmates are in jeopardy of using aggression towards others and themselves, those who have been sexually, physically or sexually abused. When a child act out towards teachers, their parents, or others that is not an important threat (kids do that) but when there is violence involved this is a flashing warning signal for juvenile delinquency. These are just a small amount of the warning signs (Dr. Laura Hoelscher, 1993). This paper will have information explaining the goals, core beliefs, and objectives of these programs along with how they work in the reduction of crime among juveniles and increase the rehabilitation rate. Also explained within this paper are the services available for the juveniles and families.
This violence exposure can determine a child’s future. It can be the deciding factor between prison and living a long fulfilling life. Community violence is an epidemic that results in many of our youth taking the wrong path which leads to jail or the grave. Through guidance and mentorship we can save our youth and stop the violence. Children are more likely to be exposed to violence and crime than adults.
I will also incorporate the views of people who oppose trying juveniles as adults and their reasons for this. If a juvenile is old enough to commit a serious crime, then he or she is old enough to face serious consequences. First, criminologists who deal with juveniles believe poverty, family factors, the environment, media influence, and declining social morality are the main reasons for juvenile crime. It is considered out-dated to say that poverty causes crime, but nearly 22% of children under the age of eighteen live in poverty. Disorganization, dilapidation, deterioration, and despair are all associated with social isolation and economic stress, which are two main factors of poverty (O’Connor, 2004).
The biggest cause of juvenile delinquency is what young people experience on a daily basis. Juveniles who experience difficult circumstances are at greater risk of falling into juvenile delinquency. The number of children in especially difficult circumstances is estimated to have increased from 80 million to 150 million between 1992 and 2000 (Unicef:2003). Difficult circumstances such as poverty, parental alcoholism, abuse, divorce, and overcrowding in the home can all cause juvenile delinquency. When a child feels like they are unwanted and misunderstood
There are many reasons to prevent juveniles from becoming delinquents or from continuing to engage in delinquent behavior. The most obvious reason is that delinquency puts a youth at risk for drug use and dependency, school drop-out, incarceration, injury, early pregnancy, and adult criminality. Saving youth from delinquency saves them from wasted lives. Juvenile justice systems in the United States have long struggled with the inherent tension between their role in meting out punishment for violations of law and their role as an authoritative force for bringing about constructive behavior change in the wayward youth who commit those violations. Every single person living in the United States today is affected by juvenile crime.
I will explain why I believe my ways of revamping the Justice system will help and possibly drop the levels of crimes committed by the youth. Immediate Discipline I believe that there needs to be a sterner court system for the juveniles. I have noticed and seen many times something such as theft is just looked at as a petty crime. In the long run the juveniles need to be disciplined for anything that may seem petty because those petty crimes can become bigger and worse crimes. Without immediate discipline we are giving the impression that if they commit a crime only once they can continue to commit other crimes as well because, hey, they will just receive a slap on the wrist if they have never committed it before.
For this reason, dysfunctional families are more likely to bring up a future juvenile delinquent. The rise in general and violent crime parallels the rise in dysfunctional families. Families are thought to be dysfunctional when misbehavior, conflict, and regular abuse from individual members occur on a constant basis, and are leading other family members to allow such actions to continue on. Children often grow up in these families with the understanding that such a layout is normal, for it is all they have known. Dysfunctional families are often a result of single parent adults, that may also be affected by addictions, such as substance abuse.