However, the language and form of punishment used to rehabilitate and punish children differs greatly from that used in adult courts (Siegel, 2009). The juvenile court system serves two major functions; keeping juvenile offenders away from the society and rehabilitating or correcting them. Correction helps to hold juveniles accountable to their action by helping them to realize the wrong they have done. In addition, correction facilities help to educating, and imparting social skills among juvenile offenders. Through the correction function of juvenile court system, young offenders are influenced to realize their potential by helping them to build acceptable vocational and interpersonal skills.
Intermediate Sanctions Intermediate Sanctions With overcrowding in the juvenile facilities there was a search for some kind of program that would provide the most serious of the juvenile offenders a community based intensive supervision as a substitute to incarceration. The Office Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) responded to this need by funding Post adjudication Nonresidential Intensive Supervision Programs, a project that is overseen and run by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD). They wanted to identify and assess the intensive supervision program. They wanted to provide a program that kept juveniles out of long term facilities and possible give them a better chance and not committing crimes again. (OJJDP 1994).
Treatment can not only help a juvenile offender get past the actions that caused him/her to be an offender in the first place but also can help the juvenile from repeating the same mistake again. There are many different treatment options available for juveniles I believe the decision should be based on the nature of the crime that they committed. A juvenile delinquent crime where I live, which is the state of New Jersey, is considered anyone under the age of 17 that commits a crime. There are many different types of crimes in the United States and outside of the more serious ones such as murder and rape. Smaller crimes by juveniles can be tough to judge because they can be based on so many different factors.
The assessment chosen: The Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY). This assessment is used to evaluate the risk of violence for children between the ages of 12 to 18 years old. Explain the relevance of assessing for conduct disorder features/traits in juvenile forensic populations, as well as the reasons for such an assessment. In a juvenile correctional program, this assessment would be relevant. According to Vincent et al.
| Should Juveniles Be Tried As Adults | | | Michelle Rogers | 10/5/2014 | | The whole purpose of the juvenile court system is to guide and rehabilitate adolescents/children by providing direction to those convicted of crime. The courts should be focusing on rehabilitation, while the state should act as a parental figure rather than a prosecutor or judge. Taking a parental approach would help channel youth in appropriate directions instead of simply punishing them for their mistakes. States deliberately give harsher sentences to teach adolescents/children a lesson. President Mark Soler of the Washington, D.C., Youth Law Center points out that adolescents/children are required by law to be incarcerated separately from adults.
The reports that are used are collected from the NIBRS (National Incident-Based Reporting System) and NCVS (National Crime Victimization Survey) and published by FBI in their yearly UCR ( Uniform Crime Report.) In some forms of deviance self-report studies have been proven better than police reports (ex: minor offenses among adolescents.) In a variety of social-psychological studies these reports have been proven very useful (ex: monitoring of subjective feelings or states is at issue) Dishonesty in these reports will not have a good affect on the statistics. Often asking subjects about their behaviors in the past can reveal more serious crimes, but may miss the minor acts of crime. People have a tendency of remembering the major crimes (ex: murder, theft, kidnapping, robbery), but often times forget the minor crimes (ex: speeding, minor assaults, public intoxication.)
Meka CJA/374 February 3, 2012 LeDetra Jones Juvenile Crime Statistics Juvenile crime, also known as juvenile delinquency is minors participating in any illegal behaviors. Juveniles are considered to be individuals under the age of 18. According to “Legal Dictionary” (2012), a juvenile delinquent is a person who is under age 18, that is found to have committed a crime in states that have declared by law that a minor lacks responsibility and thus may not be sentenced as an adult (para. 1). Juvenile crime statistics have become popular in recent years because of its arrest increase in serious crimes.
Juveniles Tried As Adults Dorothy Isaac CRJ 376- Court Systems and Processes April 17, 2014 Abstract When a child kills, does he instantly become an adult? Or does he maintain some trappings of childhood, despite the gravity of his actions? These are the questions plaguing the American legal system today, as the violent acts of juvenile offenders continue to make headlines. Trial as an adult is a situation when a juvenile offender is tried as if he/she were an adult. Where specific protections exist for juvenile offenders such as suppression of an offender's name or picture or a closed courtroom where the proceedings are not made public, these protections may be waived.
They track four major offenses in its Violent Crime Index, which are, murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault (Snyder 2001). Juvenile courts and rehabilitation centers are some of the few places that have an obligation to helping children. In today’s society there are many youths male and females who are committing criminal acts, many of whom are minorities. Many of this youth have engaged in some form of illegal activity by the time they reach their 18th birthday,” Puzzanchera (2008). The youths who commit these crimes are often victims of drug/alcohol addiction, abuse, neglect or poverty.
Should juveniles who have been physically, mentally, and sexually abused be handed adult sentences for retaliating? We need to look at exactly what influences children to commit heinous crimes. Mentally ill patients should be cared for as mentally ill patients, not criminal offenders. The mentally ill need an alternative to the prison system. Justice has evolved a great deal, especially when the death penalty is involved.