Understanding and Preventing Police Brutality. A Research Paper By CJCU/SOCU 403 Spring 2011 Abstract: This paper examines the law enforcement agencies and the use of force with in them. This paper provides the history to its readers about the use of force by police and the various reasons that force should be able to be used by an officer and when it is considered to be excessive and brutal. This paper discusses the various different reasons that excessive force not only occurs, but why it continues to grow at an alarming rate. This paper includes some statistical data relevant to this particular topic.
If you believe a crime is about to be committed, you cannot make a citizen’s arrest; only if there has or is a crime being committed. Only the police have the power to arrest if they believe a crime is about to be committed. 2. You can only make a citizen’s arrest for an arrest able offence; the police can make any arrest. Most of UK citizens today don't make an arrest, however they should if there is violence involved, but the safest thing to do is to call for the police.
Latin Kings, 1. Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) C. What can I do to solve the problems with the gangs? II. Suggestions for Forum Content A. Police sometimes gather data on gangs and sort the data into two categories: motive-based gang reporting and member-based gang reporting.
He began shifting the Department’s strategy from a reactive, efforts-based approach to a proactive, results-based approach. He focused on preventing crime before it began by sending more officers out on patrol rather than having officers sit in offices waiting to respond to 911 calls. He followed the “broken windows” theory and his police force went after “quality of life” misdemeanors with the belief that enforcing such misdemeanors would lead to a reduction in more serious crimes as well. In addition to pushing officers to be more proactive in the fight against crime, he introduced new performance measures that monitored managers’ plans for action and such action’s results. Prior to these measures, and in other police organizations across the country, work had been gauged in terms of effort (e.g., how many 911 calls were answered).
The officers and management team should be held accountable for the actions that they did not take to help the victim. However, commanders wanted the numbers to decrease to show that implementing this system could reduce crimes. The crime should have reported properly and actions should have been taken. The commanders in the situation should make sure that officers understand the importance of protecting and serving their districts and helping citizens feel safe in their neighborhoods. Instead of staying in a darkened room, the commanders should be training their officers on how to combat this action and help actual reduce the crimes not cover them up.
Analyse the impact of two pieces of crime and disorder legislation. For police officers who are already familiar with crime and disorder legislation, they need to be reminded of the impact they may have on people, communities and the public services. Choose two pieces of crime and disorder legislation you have already discussed and analyse the impact they may have on individuals (including offenders, victims and witnesses), communities and the relevant public services. The Theft Act This is taking the property of another without the intension to give it back; this can have an impact on the victim as they’re without their property whatever it may be (car, phone, wallet, game) or any other property. The person then becomes deprived and feels insecure in case of any other incidents that may occur and they find themselves to be in the same situation, there’s many different types of theft such as robbery, theft, burglary, aggravated burglary.
Although Goldstein envisioned the problemoriented approach as a departmentwide activity, it has largely been implemented by uniformed patrol officers. 3 Similar to uniformed patrol offi cers responding to repeated 911 calls for service, the work of most criminal investigators can also be thought of as “incident-driven policing” (Eck and Spelman, 1987). Investigators respond to recurring incidents, attempt to gather enough information to generate a warrant or make an arrest, and rarely look for the underlying conditions that may be causing like groups of incidents. Like Goldstein, we believe criminal investigators should go further than responding to case after case, that they search for solutions to recurring problems that generate the repeated incidents. Investigating unsolved inci dents is an important task and still must be done, but criminal investigators should respond system atically to recurring crimes arising from the same problem.
Another example of how statistics from the police and statistics from victim surveys are different is because not all victims report crime to the police for many reasons and therefore create what’s called “the dark figure” (The number of crimes that go un-reported, we have no idea how big or small this number is). One last example of how they differ is that the victims are left to classify the crimes that they have been fallen victim to, which means that the classification may be wrong changing the statistics, whereas the recorded crimes get classified by the police. The advantages for using victim surveys to studying patterns of crime are: able to triangulate the accuracy of official statistics; may be more valid, as official procedures don’t have to be followed and victims have their own say; victims more likely to respond due to no fear of reprisal; can estimate the overall levels of crime, as unreported crimes are included; they have a high rate of comparability. These reasons allow us to see all of the advantages for helping to decide how useful victim surveys are in understanding patterns of crime. The disadvantages for using victim surveys to studying patterns of crime are: Not all
There are definitely pros and cons for individual(s) being able to have a concealed weapon but in this case I am for people being able to carry a concealed weapon. Criminals are less likely to target a person if they know that person is armed. Second I don’t feel the government can 100 guarantees the safety of all of its citizens. Third reason why is criminals are going to carry a concealed weapon legal or not. So why shouldn’t law abiding citizens be able to do the same and be able to protect themselves.