You could find yourself getting into trouble with the police if you carry out an arrest that is incorrect. In order to make a citizen’s arrest, they must come under any of the three sets of guidelines, these are: * arrest for an 'indictable offence' under PACE * arrest of a person’s committing, or about to commit, a Breach of the Peace under common law * Use of reasonable force to prevent crime or arrest offenders or persons unlawfully at large under the Criminal Law Act 1967. A citizen’s arrest is still a really important law in the UK as these powers of arrest belong to Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs). There are lots of differences between a citizen’s arrest and a police arrest... 1. If you believe a crime is about to be committed, you cannot make a citizen’s arrest; only if there has or is a crime being committed.
Sociology 101 March 23, 2005 Juvenile Shoplifting Causes and Effects Shoplifting is when someone steals merchandise that is offered for sale from a business. This can include any type of business, from department store to restaurant, no matter how large or how small. Shoplifting is a form of theft and theft is a crime. Not only is shoplifting a crime against a store, but also against society. This is due to the fact that there are other hidden costs involved with shoplifting that affect our community and society.
University of Phoenix Material: Robin Mravik Ethical Dilemma Worksheet Incident Review 1. What is the ethical issue or problem? Identify the issue succinctly. | The law enforcement officials did suspect that the individual was driving under the influence and thus becoming a risk to himself and everyone else around him. Before the law enforcement officer can make an arrest there has to be a clear sign of probable cause if an officer neglects to find probable cause before arresting the individual when the trial comes along, the case will be dismissed in court and the offender will walk away free.
Proactive, or preventative, patrol is focused or targeted more on specific hot spots, crime problems, or offenders. The goal of proactive patrol is to detect crimes in progress and deter crime by having a routine police presence (Grant & Terry, 2008). There are a couple different downfalls to policing agencies using one form of patrol over the other. One downfall is that if only one of these patrol styles were adopted, the police would lose some of their discretion. Conditions of an officer’s reaction to certain responds would change (Grant & Terry, 2008).
Sometime the issue is straightforward, for example a carer stealing from an individual’s purse, but at other times it is more difficult to address. This is because very often the perpetrator can be someoneʹs son or daughter, or age prejudice means that other people assume it is not happening or that the older person is to blame. Two common issues that come to our attention are (a) sons or daughters attempting to justify their actions on the basis that they are simply obtaining their inheritance in advance and (b) the extensive misuse of Powers of Attorney. • Institutional
Although, both agencies have similarities among them, there are significant differences. This paper will discuss those similarities as well as differences in roles, policies as well as their relationship of each role to the criminal justice system. Both public policing and private security involve securing individuals as well as property, and areas. However, public policing involves various duties and roles such as, “during their shift, they may identify, pursue, and arrest suspected criminals; resolve problems within the community; and enforce traffic laws” (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2009). Public policing also involves the response to emergency calls through the call system and at times, they must be present in court as the result of citations given for violating a specified law by citizens.
Deviance in Social Norms How people react to deviations of their daily routines and social norms can be both interesting, and in my opinion, quite comical. Deviance, by definition, “refers to behavior that violates social norms or to persons that engage in such behavior”. (Orcutt 2004, p1) Studying the social norms or standards about deviant behaviors has shown me how un-tolerated it can be. Breaking American social norms, such as shopping out of other people’s carts instead of off of the designated shelves for merchandise, can create anger and havoc in otherwise peaceful people. Each of the reactions to my deviant behavior of shopping out of another’s cart was met with anguish.
Sometimes, it gets so embarrassing that people would rather be homeless or do something crazy so that no one would see their home. If there is a fire, moreover, then the person cannot get out of the home because he would have to climb over the mountainous piles of useless items that grabs them and pulls them back. The hoarder’s home, consequently, has a higher risk than most people have for getting a formation of mold in the home. They start piling things and stacking garbage that does not move from its place, so the mold is able to grow under the clutter and could slowly devour the home. Some cases of hoarding are so bad, however, that the hoarder even keeps the garbage and, yet again, increase the risk of getting mold in the house.
Employees may feel a sense of paranoia if they constantly hear the store has a shoplifting issue. The negative measures taken to restrain shoplifting can delay employee instincts toward a positive and welcoming attitude with customers. Employees also may become overly suspicious of customers and get too eager in their efforts to protect the store's
The criminal is barred from certain types of employment, the family may make them unwelcome, the police may give them an undue amount of attention. The modification of self-image comes about because of the stigma the criminal experiences. We have a self-fulfilling prophecy whereby the individual becomes the person so described by the label. The labeling theory has a great effect on adult offenders. If a person does the time for the crime that they committed then they should be able to enter back into society without any problem but with the labeling theory adult offenders are still ostracized by the crime that they had