Many police organizations respond to reactive patrol responses rather than proactive patrol. In this brief summary we will discuss what reactive patrol is and how it differs from proactive patrol. We will further discuss what would happen if police organizations were to adopt one of the patrol styles. Police organizations around the world are often responding to calls for help and this is considered as reactive patrol. Reactive patrol is when police organizations around the world respond to a situation which is either called in or brought to their attention.
All factors of the situation should be taken into consideration when using this discretion. Some of these factors include the seriousness of the offense, attitude of the suspect, position and preference of the victim, relationship between the suspect and victim, evidence of the offense, and minority status of the parties (Black, 1971.) Police officers tend to have an overall common goal in ridding their community of crime. Although this goal falls within the wishes of residents in the community as well, there is typically a negative view when it comes to police officers. Some officer’s actions have labeled an entire force as racist, rude, and abusive.
Discretion plays in important role in balancing the rights of the community with the rights of the victim and offender. Discretion is judgement which is exercised in criminal investigation by people in authority, such as police, the director of public prosecutions (DPP) and in the trial process by magistrates and judges. In Australia the role of discretion within the criminal investigation system and trial process has many advantages and disadvantages in the way authority deals with achieving justice for individuals. Police powers play a crucial role in the criminal investigation process as they have discretionary legal powers of arrest. The NSW police force is given special legal powers under the law which enable them to carry out their duties effectively, majority of these powers are contained in the law enforcement (powers and responsibilities) act 2002 in order to investigate crimes, make arrests, and gather evidence against the accused.
Included in those rights is the Fourth Amendment, which guards us from illegal search and seizure. Even though many believe changes in the Fourth Amendment are needed to catch criminals, terrorists, and keep society safe, Americans Fourth Amendment protection from illegal search and seizure is constantly being challenged by law enforcement as courts continue to define the scope and limitations that law enforcement has when contemplating probable cause and its ability to allow warrantless search of person and vehicle. Do these challenges change these
(n.d.) Retrieved from http://definitions.uslegal.com/p/police-brutality/) Police brutality has been an issue in the past and it continues today. Police brutality is not only physical harm but it’s also psychological harm. We need to analyze how much police brutality really goes on out there. We also need to be aware of how often police brutality goes on, and how we as citizens can minimize it by reporting it when we see it or if it happens to us. We know that police officers use excessive force, and they also use their authority to verbally abuse people.
The prosecution must without a reasonable doubt prove the defendant is responsible for committing the crime. And in doing so must remain within the regulations of the courts. Sometimes the prosecution’s personal, ethical. Organizational, or political beliefs can becomea driving force into a trail which can have negative effects on the courts when misconduct occurs or mistakes are made. When misconduct or mistakes are made it can have very damaging effects on individuals and their lives, but also to the credibility of the criminal justice system.
In such situation, the officer can either mediate a peaceful agreement, can suggest counseling or if this doesn’t work he can also make an arrest of the person that is not willing to come to a peaceful resolution to the problem. At the time a police officer encounters a minor misdemeanor, he can also make use of his discretion. A minor misdemeanor that a police officer could encounter can be that of a minor assault, public intoxication, disorderly conduct or even trespassing. The action taken by a police officer in such cases all depends on his discretion at the time, just as it is done on a domestic disturbance case. The officer has the option of making an arrest or making a report and is all based on his discretion used at the time the situation arises.
Probation and Parole Officers Angel Taylor Career Choices in Criminal Justice Darrin Abner 7/27/14 Probation and Parole Officers play a big part in our criminal justice systems and courts system. Both probation and parole officers work with convicted criminals. They both have many similarities and differences. They both have the same goal in mind: to have the offender rehabilitated and make a positive contribution to society (Eileen Baylus, eHow Contributor.) Probation and Parole officers both report to the courts on terms of one’s sentencing.
Discuss the powers of police in the criminal process. Make reference to the role of discretion in the criminal justice system Police powers, refers to the authority that the law enforcement body has when investigating a crime. The powers that police have include search and seizure, access to information, interrogation, electronic surveillance, medical examinations, detention, fingerprints and photographing. These powers allow police to deepen their investigation and to effectively obtain justice for victims and society. Furthermore, the discretion of police can play a large role in the investigation of criminal offences; however, it can lead to certain individuals in society being targeted.
In order to do my job right i need to work in court and also go through profiles to check records of those people. In my job duty been as a probation officer is really dangerous. Sometimes it can make a impact on someone. I get to supervise criminal offenders and are most of the times dangerous