Many proposed the end of racial segregation and the Jim Crow laws that limited their social rights like the Black Codes did. State laws that violated the 15th amendment, which promises that the right to vote cannot be denied on the basis of race, color or previous condition of servitude, were removed and the federal government response to the Ku Klux Klan’s violence were effective in diminishing he clan’s actions against African Americans. Better job opportunities were present up north, causing many to join the Great Migration to the northern states. The African American community continues to fight against racial segregation and discrimination to live a life of equal rights and
As in the North segregation was almost none existent so racial etiquette was more flexible than in the South where legal segregation, caused by the Jim Crow law was very much everywhere, which means that in the South, Black Americans could be seen as second class citizens. The Northern and Southern states had very different economic issues concerning the Black community. The Northern states economic issues were mostly in favour of the Black community. During the Second World War approximately 500,000 African Americans migrated to the North causing a boom in the Northern industry as many of the Black Americans that migrated moved to the cities where jobs paid more. Due to this boom the amount of unemployed African American workers fell sharply from 937,000 to 151,000 making black Americans more equal citizens and less disenfranchised.
When these soldiers left in 1877, many state governments chose to persecute black people and limit their rights. Despite the laws of the federal government, they soon took away black people’s rights to vote. Last but not least the systems of sharecroppers spent more than their share was worth and fell heavily into
While the economy was strong immigrants were welcomed into America with open arms even more so since during the Civil War, both the Union and Confederate armies relied on their strengths. But during time like the Great Depression when things got hard immigrants were casted out and accused of stealing jobs from American workers. Most of the biggest protest came from the Know-Nothings a political party of the 1850s who were famous for their anti-immigrant and anti-catholic leaning.But it was the pro-immigrant voices of this era that became most influential, The Republican party platform of 1868 changed the perspective of immigrants for many especially when they stated "Foreign immigration which in the past has added so much to the wealth, resources, and increase of power to the nation…should be fostered and encouraged." further pushing the idea that Foreigners should be accepted into America’s society. Between the 1880s and 1930s, over 27 million foreigners entered the United States.
Those of African ancestry faced many struggles and obstacles after slavery. Even after gaining Emancipation in 1834, slaves in the British West Indies were still forced into other forms of unpaid labor. Instead of being owned by masters, they became impoverished free citizens. Their poverty made them desperate for work, therefore turning them into a cheap form of labor for the white supremacists. This created a new definition of owning slaves, now being owned by those who paid them a meager
Capitalist development and economic downturn eroded American workers sense of pride and progress throughout the sixty years leading up to 1840. Beginning after 1844, mass immigration from Europe to the United States gave American business owners and employers a new source of cheap human labor, which further undermined organized American labor. Most of these immigrants were unskilled Catholic Irish and German agricultural workers. American working class Protestants despised them for their faith and heritage, in addition to their poverty. Likewise, by the 1840s, the free black population in the U.S. had expanded due to the emerging belief that slavery was immoral.
The separating of black and white has caused many problems in society and these inequalities are still felt today. Rebellion, revolution, boycotting and even riots, have led to tensions between the two races. Additionally, desegregating schools led to a learning gap between black and white students. The Constitution states that no state can make the law that takes away the rights and privileges of citizens making them immune to it. Desegregation of public places should be allowed because it is inequitable to separate humans based on the color or pigmentation of their skin.
Treatment of African Americans as second class citizens was still bad regarding economics in the north, but not as severe as in the south. For example, a mass migration of brought two million blacks to northern cities to seek out better economic opportunities. Also, unemployment in the north fell from almost one million to around 150000 by 1945. This was due to the creation of jobs in factories during World War 2, when it became easier for blacks to get jobs (although not as easy as it was for whites). In the
Jim Crow Laws had a major influential impact on the United States during its time period due to its cruel ways. Jim Crow Laws were a system of racial apartheid laws dominant in the South beginning in the 1890s continuing for three quarters of a century. The laws affected everyday life, separating Whites and African Americans by posting signs to where either ethnicity could go to school, restrooms, drinking fountains, buses, restaurants, and more. Jim Crow Laws claimed to have treated African Americans the same as Whites through the quote “separate but equal”. Although the laws abided by that particular quote it was visible that African American public facilities low grade quality wasn’t nearly comparable to those of Whites.
However, you could argue that although they had won the right to vote, segregation still continued throughout the South and lynchings and discrimination continued in the North. I would say that there was substantial change for blacks in the North as they were getting more highly paid and were starting to receive better education, although the lack of equality still remained between black and white Americans as black Americans were still being paid much less than white workers. I also believe that as there were many black campaigns and activists after the war, this could suggest that there was still a want for equality on the black Americans half which puts forward the idea that despite having helped fought for their country, they were still being treated as second class