By the turn of the century, segregation was firmly in place, there was competition between the races and diminishing African American to second class citizens. Mays of the jobs that were available went to the whites and blacks that had skills or a profession they was generally used to serve black clients. African American they were barred from serving on juror duties and they got a much stronger punishment than the whites for the same crime. As the Jim Crow law made things harder to change so did social norms. Those living in the south always addressed white southerners as mister, miss, and ma’am even those who had no social norms.
During the period there were mainly two Civil Rights Act . The first one is the Civil Rights Act of 1964, this Civil Rights Act legally made segregation illegal.However, segregation still existed in many ways, for example, black children still could't go to white local schools. The act in 1965, demanded black people should have higher education opportunities .This improved the average knowledge of black people, and raised more black people with plasticity. Above is why I think desegregation is the most important factor that led to racial equality achievements during the period
Because of the large nature of the populace in the early days in America men and women, especially African American, without property were denied their rights to vote. In the American republic, such people were not accorded full citizenship rights. However, the people fought these archaic rules to liberate themselves. The historical struggle of the black people in America attained a peculiar significance in American history. The struggle by the African Americans ensured that the black people attained not only full citizenship, but also redefined the ongoing struggle for civil rights and liberties and how reliable governance should be implemented.
After 1869 federal government remained an obstacle throughout this time period. The Supreme Court ruling of the US vs Reese case in 1875 supported Kentucky officials who turned away black voters, and so marked the way for further discrimination against black voters. The voting qualifications further restricted African Americans from exercising their political rights and was legalised by the Mississippi vs Williams case. Federal government failed to discourage anti civil rights groups whose main targets were black voters and so greatly inhibited the slow progression of African American civil rights. However, state government was also a major obstacle in achieving the vote for African Americans.
Race has always been attached to history primarily to the person’s color and the relationship between race and their social status. Although there were many white Americans that welcome the idea of having African Americans as equals, others did not agree to the change. They let their ignorance, racism, and self-interest to continue and spread their ideas of racial division to everyone around them. However, governments in the south, where ninety percent of blacks lived, barred them of their constitutional rights through poll taxes, limitations on registration, and literacy tests. Southern state governments also created legislation that restricted and controlled the lives of the ex-slaves, known as the “Black Codes”.
The Civil Rights Movement in the USA in the 1950’s and 1960’s Civil Rights Movement: A program of protest and civil disobedience undertaken by African Americans to overcome racist policies that denied them of civil rights. Segregation in the USA in the 1950’s * Gained there emancipation in 1865 but still faced discrimination in every aspect of their lives. * A systematic segregation was improved which separated African American’s from white American’s. This included : * African Americans being forced to use separate entrances, separated in theatres, buses, swimming pools, hospitals, schools and even cemeteries. * These facilities were inadequate.
“Slavery gave way to Jim Crow, lynchings, poll taxes, redlining and educational and job discrimination. Although illegal now, these tools perpetuated a racial hierarchy that affects every American today...” (Lee) The effects of the slavery still effect today. It is ignorance if people think that slavery does not affect the people of today. Our past generations help set our path in life, negative or positive. People born into poor families do not have every opportunity as those with money.
Marcus Larralde 10/21/12 The KKK’s and Racial Problems From the time of early European settlement in the U.S. whites enslaved and considered blacks less than equal human beings. Many consider the civil rights to have begun during the 1950’s, but it actually began as they were brought in chains centuries ago. They sought freedom from their enslavement and demanded citizenship paving the way for the “modern day” civil rights movement. After the Civil War, which brought about the abolition of slavery with the addition of the 13th amendment, citizenship to African Americans (14th amendment) and the right for black men to vote (15th amendment), African Americans still faced a vicious white supremacy that were oppressed to blacks. They would be harassed and victimized by the notoriously known Ku Klux Klan.
The movement helped to end segregation in the South, and affected the ability for African Americans to vote. Before the movement the courts didn’t enforce the 14th and 15th amendment and blacks were separated by Jim Crow laws. Also blacks were unable to vote due to poll taxes, literacy tests, and violence by groups like the Ku Klux Klan. The civil rights movement changed the laws and the ways people perceived African Americans and primarily used civil disobedience, “occupations”, and boycotts. Today, affirmative action is used to call into action the government in favor of racial minorities.
The Thirteenth Amendment did end slavery by legally abolishing it although, African-Americans were considered free they still did not have all the same equal rights and privileges that whites had. After the passing of the thirteenth Amendment many things were changed throughout the South for African-Americans. The former slaves did not have the same rights and privileges as their white counterparts. The freed slaves were supposed to be able to live an equal life and enjoy the same privileges the whites did. The thirteenth Amendment