Basically all of the South’s resources were going to hell. Uncertain economic times make it pretty hard to make a living. African Americans found themselves to be politically limited during this time as Southern states passed laws that limited their access to exercise their right to vote. Literacy tests were used to keep blacks away from ballot boxes, as some states limited the right to vote to those who could pass a literacy test; a large majority of slaves had never learned to read or write. Not surprisingly, white voters were often given easier passages than blacks.
African Americans were stated, as “one fifth of a white person” segregation was a huge part of African Americans lifestyle they were openly seen as less important then white people. Blacks and whites were separated either is school or neighborhood which made the matter worst then it already was. Education was one of the weaknesses in African American schools as they received poor education. For Black people to actually get somewhere and make a difference to how they were treated they needed education mainly as a lot of things relied on that. Booker T Washington believed education was the key.
By the turn of the century, segregation was firmly in place, there was competition between the races and diminishing African American to second class citizens. Mays of the jobs that were available went to the whites and blacks that had skills or a profession they was generally used to serve black clients. African American they were barred from serving on juror duties and they got a much stronger punishment than the whites for the same crime. As the Jim Crow law made things harder to change so did social norms. Those living in the south always addressed white southerners as mister, miss, and ma’am even those who had no social norms.
How far is it accurate to describe black Americans as second class citizens in the years 1945-55? Between the years of 1945-55, African Americans were certainly treated as second class citizens. They were segregated from the rest of society and the majority of segregation took place in the southern states. This was where black slaves had been transported to in the seventeenth century and were treated as inferior human beings. Because the USA is such a huge country, the individual states of America had a lot of power to run their own state and introduce new laws.
The collective nature of Black communities still predominated as opposed to the white "capitalist market economies of competitive, individual, industrial and monopoly capitalism." It is at this stage that the split begins that will later affect the African-American community. Black women were forced to remain in the work force due to substandard wages available to Black men. The urbanization of America and the massive migration north of Blacks in the early twentieth century resulted in a large number of Black women, some 60%, haveing been relegated to domestic work for white families. Black men often only able to find work in manufacturing centers allowed for two income Black families and a small but growing Black middle class.
. “In the South, the concept of separate but equal had always been a sham: It might have been separate, but it was never equal” Segregation and ill-treatment towards the African American community followed the race into the workplace. “White teacher salaries were 30 percent higher; and there was virtually no transportation for black children to and from school. The disparity was even greater at the college level, where the Southern states spent $86 million in white colleges and $5 million on black colleges” African Americans simply wanted change. “They demanded equality under the law—to be judged as individuals and not as members of a minority race.” These happenings and social wrongdoings are essentially what caused African Americans to want more of a change than ever before.
Despite a fair amount of blacks have become middle class, they are still seen as blacks. This unfair treatment seems to keep the blacks and whites separated, or keeping blacks “in their place”, resulting in a lack of upward mobility. Even though this continuously happens, Gans really has no explanation for it. Perhaps a fear of darkness, or people with “negriod” features. Other reasons could be that the majority of blacks were poor for two generations, and one out of every four lives in poverty today.
April 9, 1865 the Civil War ended and despite their new found freedom things did not get any easier for African Americans in fact things got much worst, many were beaten and kill savagely because of their new found freedom. African Americans in later years would find that they could work the jobs no one else would want, and get paid much less for those jobs and not only were they paid less they were treated as a second class citizen only being allowed to use resources for colored people. As time progressed African Americans fought to have the same rights as other Americans and the Civil Rights movement was born. The right for equality has paved the way for many African Americans today who can be found in every facet of America, from lawyers, to doctors, nurses, to teachers, Wall Street and even the
Even though African Americans have shown that they can do what Caucasian Americans can do there is still De Jure segregation in the south which is commonly known as the Jim Crow law. The Jim Crow law states that black and white people should be segregated, but the facilities should be of the same standard; ‘separate, but equal’ although many of the facilities given to African Americans were usually nowhere near as luxurious as the Caucasian’s facilities. In 1954, the Brown vs Board or education case overturned the Plessy Vs Ferguson case which stated that public schools should be separated. This is a huge improvement to the status of American
This difference can be contributed to the economic shift and elimination of well paying entry-level jobs that sustained the Black Middle Class working families, as well as low level Black male employment (Wilson 1987;Taylor 2003). Racial discrimination and being economically disadvantaged shows that Blacks are twice more likely to suffer the death of a baby more so than whites. The divorce rates of Blacks are higher than Whites (Nock 2003a) and the major difference is that Blacks are more likely to have never married (McKennon 2002) African American Families are child-focused and accept children regardless of circumstances “Children are prized” (Crosbie-Burnett and Lewis 1999.p.457). In my conclusion: Poverty and racism is constantly plaguing the American Black Families, segregation still exist in our daily lives, as well as contending with relatively low-status jobs, coping with housing discrimination in certain neighborhoods. However, Whites and Middle Class Blacks share a common bond in parenting, education, social and developmental advantages and other resources that are needed to maintain an equal balance to help their children have successful