• Black and white people were divided by politics. • This meant that Black people were treated with less care whilst white people were cared for more. • Barriers were put into place so that Black people couldn’t vote for a new power due to their lack of education. • Tension amongst black and white people turned to hatred causing black people’s opinions and views to be irrelevant to any subject. • Southern school for blacks were poor standards which resulted in black people not being educated enough to vote or work for a living.
These voting restrictions were challenged in the Mississippi vs Williams Supreme Court case but it was maintained that the restrictions did not go against the 15th amendment and so they continued. These high levels of illiteracy and poverty among African Americans would have been caused, or at least not helped, by the smaller amount of funding provided for African American institutions. This went against the separate but equal principle and may have contributed to high illiteracy levels which prevented voting. Also, the family income of an African American family was four times less
It was much harder for blacks to get a job, and there employment position could be described as ‘the last to be hired, the first to be fired’. African Americans faced discrimination almost in every job, and they earned less, often due to the poor educational opportunities. The voting rights were different in the North from the South. In the North, almost all African Americans could vote. In the South however, the blacks were disfranchised, since the state governments introduced literacy tests, tests on the knowledge of constitution and Poll taxes, which African Americans had trouble with, because of poor education and financial problems.
Months after the attacks upon America, the effects on Erica were starting to be developed such that "she was struggling against a current that brought her inside herself." These attacks, were crucial towards Changez and his ability to interrelate with fellow Americans such as Erica. As time passes, Erica seems to create a barrier between herself and Changez. Equally, there is a separation being constructed between Changez and American society. This leads to Changez's struggle in securing a position within the nation of America.
Many of these facilities were, education, healthcare, transport, cinemas, restaurants and churches and even housing and estates were segregated. This shows the extent white went to separate them from the ‘inferior’ race. Jim Crow laws limited black Americans from having a better way of life as they were made poorer, didn’t have the opportunity to managerial roles as they were only allowed the low paying jobs and weren’t equal to white people increasing poor conditions, also, led to unequal or no voting rights in coloured communities. Under the Fifteenth Amendment black people had legal rights to vote across America. However, many southern states found ways around the laws to disenfranchise the black populations.
The question is not how to allow blacks to become part of the the educated class. The objective is to allow blacks to live NORMAL lives in a white society. To make them a respected part of society will take much longer, and is far more difficult. They can only become ordinary citizens when they are no longer hated by the whites. W.E.B DuBois was hated by the majority of the white population as he was viewed as a trouble maker.
Dubois’s solution is that African Americans must constantly fight and argue for what they desire in order to ever gain their rights (Doc E). Education was an issue amongst blacks and whites. Although school enrollment rates increased from roughlt 0% to 50%, between 1860 and 1925, there were higher illiteracy rates amongst blacks for their education was still below whites. Washington though if black focused on advancing economically they would eventually receive the rights they deserved. He supported trade schools such as Tuskegee that would teach trades.
They would co-operate with any willing whites, migrate to the North or West, protest politically and would follow accommodationism. Even today, the African American population within Caucasian neighborhoods had still only risen by about 5%. The Latinos now have a higher social rank than the African Americans. Slavery The 13th amendment on January 1st, 1865 abolished slavery within the USA, this was supposed to help equalise the two races. But after they were “released” they had nothing to do, they had grown up having structure, being told what to do; now they are lost.
In order for racial equality to exist, African Americans must feel as though their needs had been met. They were fighting for economic equality, being able to vote without intimidation, termination of segregated public transport and places, to change attitudes, and the extinction of day to day discrimination on the whole. Although all these factors were covered by the Civil Rights campaign it is questionable as to what extent they were covered; and whether racial equality had been achieved by 1965. Before the Civil Rights campaign came about, the economic and social rights for black American's was almost non-existent. Black unemployment rates seemed to remain constantly higher than the corresponding sums for white people and even if they were successful in finding a job they wouldn't usually receive equal pay.
Racism predominately happens when a person from one race views another person from a different race in an adverse behavior which can sometimes involve physical and emotional violence. Racial discrimination has been present in America from the time of the 18th century and is still present today, but nowhere near as harsh as in the past centuries(Gracia, 2010). Racial discrimination is never an easy subject to talk about, especially the discussions throughout history class in high school about Blacks being slaves at the time, and the teachers and some students not desiring to really go into detail on the subject for the reason that there are African American learners in the class. Racial