Pedophiles were themselves a victim of sexual abuse as children and that’s why they become pedophiles. Child sexual abuse can come in different forms. Contact in which a child is abused is by rape, masturbation, intercourse, oral or anal sex, pornography, and any other sexual conduct that can harm a child’s mental, emotional, or physical health. It may consist of a single incident or many acts over a period of time. Abuse is also more committed by someone the child knows.
Researchers have attempted to explain the paraphilias in general to the result of the biological factors (Hazelwood, The Criminal Sexaul Sadist, 2009). These findings come from abnormal findings from neuropsychological and neurological tests of sex offenders (Hazelwood, The Criminal Sexaul Sadist, 2009). People with sexual disorders or symptoms of this paraphilia have other mental/learning disorders (Hazelwood, The Criminal Sexaul Sadist, 2009). This is a type of person, who experiences distress or impaired functioning because of the sadistic behaviors or fantasies; which could be the fact that the partner is not consenting (Hazelwood, The Criminal Sexaul Sadist, 2009). The sadistic sexual fantasies often begin in the person’s childhood with the onset of this active occurs during early adult life (Unknown, Unknown).
· brain defects or injury: Defects in or injury to certain areas of the brain have also been linked to some mental illnesses. · prenatal damage: Some evidence suggests that a disruption of early fetal brain development or trauma that occurs at the time of birth -- for example, loss of oxygen to the brain -- may be a factor in the development of certain conditions, such as autism. · substance abuse: Long-term substance abuse, in particular, has been linked to anxiety, depression, and paranoia. · other factors: Poor nutrition[->1] and exposure to toxins, such as lead, may play a role in the development of mental illnesses. PSYCHOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS: · severe trauma suffered as a child, such as emotional, physical or sexual abuse.
Mood disorders are thought to be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. Traumatic events can also cause a person to become depressed. Personality disorders – affects the individual's patterns of thinking, feelings and behaviour. People with a personality disorder may find that their beliefs and attitudes are different from the majority of people. Others may find the individual's behaviour unusual, or erratic and may find it difficult to be around them.
When that force is immediate, of short duration, or infrequent, it is called sexual assault. The offender is referred to as sexual abuser or molester. Possible indicators of sexual abuse are loss of sleep, unexpected or unexplained change in behaviour, bruising, soreness around the genitals, pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and more. Psychological abuse Psychological abuse, also referred to as emotional abuse or mental abuse, is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive relationships, bullying, and an abuse in the workplace.
The patient will be assets in personality disturbance, such as cognitive eccentricity, socially, isolative behavior, impulsivity, mood dysregulation, or anxiety-driven patterns of behavior and there they can determine if there is a disorder or not. 2. List the disorders contained in each of the three clusters of personality disorders? The first cluster would be odd behavior and it consists of paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders. The second cluster is dramatic behavior which consists of antisocial, borderline, histrionic and narcissistic personality disorders.
They act violently when people pick on them, threaten them, or they are exposed to direct pain. The people that have seen violence rewarded react violently when provoked to. Personality and crime involve a disturbed personality structure. They are antisocial and are described as sociopaths and psychopaths. It begins in early childhood and continues into adulthood.
Our mental health can be affected by a number of incidents such as stress related situations, a history of abuse and even our own genetics can play a role in it. Some events that occur in our lives can be so traumatic to our mental health that we begin to struggle to cope with our normal
Leshner states, “As with many other brain diseases, addiction has embedded behavioral and social-context aspects that are important parts of the disorder itself” (Leshner). Recognizing addiction as a mental illness can help reduce the health and social costs that are directly related to treating addiction. Research has exposed that drug abuse is a severe health issue, as well as a social issue. Addicts become so obsessed with consuming the substance it causes their immune systems to shut down and causes the addict to be incapable of functioning properly in a social setting. Addiction has severe negative consequences affecting the addict’s mental and physical well being.
Mizuno (2003) emphasises, that strong substance abuse leads to further spread of the virus through infected needles and viral contact, as often when adolescents are under the influence of alcohol they become more susceptible to unsafe and risky sex behaviours. This ultimately can result in leading to sexual abuse and rape. Families have an impact on adolescent’s behaviour and often when the adolescent is not provided with support and guidance, they tend to engage in less responsible behaviour (Brook,