Drug Addiction in Adolescence Abstract “Drug addiction is a dependence on an illegal drug or medication” (Merriam-Webster’s, 2000). Once one was addicted, it becomes the focus in that individual's life. The purpose for this paper was to learn and understand the positive and negative outcomes involving drug addiction in the lives of adolescence. Drug addiction in Adolescence was a continuing problem across the United States. There were many reasons an adolescent will try and even abuse different types of drugs and possibly alcohol; some of them included peer pressure, boredom, and curiosity and/or family problems such as parents going through a divorce.
Carers should take into consideration any form of distress shown by the individual e.g. a service user may have a tendency to be aggressive to service providers. The psychodynamic perspective would explain this by saying that the individuals aggressive behaviour is due to experiencing inner turmoil and tensions and conflicts from the person’s past are projected into current situations. Service providers should not take this personally – it will be due to unresolved conflicts with one’s same sex parent. In severe cases help should be provided through the use of psychotherapy.
The diagnosis that Randall McMurphy has is antisocial personality disorder. According to Mohr (2006), antisocial personality disorder display aggressive, irresponsible behavior that leads to conflicts with society and subsequent involvement in the criminal justice system, people with this disorder are often superficially charming, lack genuine warmth. Some ways to address character’s behavior could be psychotherapy as this focus on helping them gain control his anger and impulsive behavior by redirecting triggers and developing alternative coping strategies according to Hoeksema (2004). Secondly cognitive behavioral therapy could be use as a behavioral strategy which offers reinforcement for positive change; social skills and assertiveness training teach alternative ways to deal with frustration. Cognitive strategy will aid client to recognize and correct inaccurate internal mental, Townsend
A few socialcultural psychologists have told of the role that certain things play in what people do with their lives. For instance discrimination, poverty and unemployment can cause people to resort to criminal activity, because they may think that there is no hope for them as something otherwise. The socialcultural theory is based on the fact that learning is built on the basis of social and cultural pressures, ideals and stresses. Abnormal Psychology 4 Conclusion In summation, there are many points that need to be learned in regards to abnormal psychology. From Hippocrates to current day psychology, things have come a long way from inexperienced physicians drilling holes in people’s heads, to the many different approaches that can be used today.
The frontal lobes control motor function, problem solving, judgment, impulse control, and social behavior and when damage is inflicted upon this area, an individual is affected in the way they react and think due to the cognitive impairment. Individuals who have suffered TBI may engage in crime because of these cognitive impairments. They have lower levels of cognitive skills that interferes with their understanding of what is right and what is wrong. The lack of understanding on how criminal behavior cultivates has lead numerous researchers to study criminals who have suffered from a form of TBI in order to have their questions answered. The researchers in this literature review focused mainly on self-reported brain injury in violent offenders as a way to determine the correlation between brain injury and crime.
This is a personal assumption based off of previous experiences that I have been through. My professional assumption is that sexual predators have issues that they need help treating and coping with. There are a set of common traits for child molesters. They have a history of abuse in their childhood, an inability to empathize, bad coping skills, inefficient self-management skills, previous sexual offenses that have been undetected, pro-offending attitudes and social,
This uncertainty and instability the world has to offer will cause many to stumble and relapse and their hope for a better way of life shattered. Recovery homes or sober living houses (SLH’s) as also referred to, are a solution to help individuals transition successfully back into the community. This paper will provide characteristics of individuals whom are addicted, address issues of lack of funding for treatment facilities, and discuss the necessity for recovery homes in communities as a solution to relapse prevention to help promote the
There are a great diversity of childhood disorder forms and causes. Some of these disorders are primarily disorders of the brain, while others are more behavioral in nature. Whatever the cause of child’s disorders or illnesses, one basic rule applies to what to do about helping them: It is best to seek professional treatment at the earliest time possible. Early treatment and intervention for children's symptoms helps reduce the impact of those symptoms on further development. Untreated symptoms can snowball and lead to the development of sometimes severe secondary problems such as social, academic and occupational difficulties, addictions, poor self-esteem, suicide attempts, self-harm (cutting or burning oneself) and the like.
Behavioral Therapies- an approach based on the principles of classical conditioning. Individual are repeatedly present with unpleasant stimulus, and they are expected to react negatively to the substance and lose the craving. Cognitive-Behavior Therapies-help people gain control over their substance-related behaviors, by making them keep track of their substance use. Biological Treatments- helps people withdraw from substances, abstain from them or simply maintain their level of use without further increase, (detoxification, drug maintenance therapy, and antagonist drugs). Sociocultural Therapies-Psychological problems emerge in a social setting and are best treated in social context.
These programs have been designed to change offenders’ view of drug use, attitudes, values, and expectations that maintain antisocial behavior (cite the bok). The programs that have been created for the inmates to help them deal with their addictions have been set up target the criminogenic needs of high risk offenders’ including substance abuse, antisocial attitudes, and self control. These programs have been set up to be developed and maintained by staff, with an ongoing monitoring of antisocial behaviors within treatment units, and positive reinforcement (cite the bok). The staff members in these treatment programs have at least an undergraduate degree or some type of training in criminal behavior and offender treatment (cite the bok). Another characteristic of these treatment programs is the relapse prevention strategies that provide skills in anticipating and avoiding problem situations (cite the