Prison Recidivism Research

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Prison is used to custody people who violate against the law inorder to deprivale their liberty as a kind of punishment. Separate the law violated citizens from the society to maintain social order, deter others potential offenders from criminal behaviour, and also ensecure the public safety. Nevertheless most of the prisoners will reintegerate to society, we should give them an opportunity to reform, however how to prevent them from recidivate is a pressing issue among the world. In US, it contain the world highest incarceration rate, 7,308,200 up to 2008 were sent to prisons and jails. The report of recidivism rate are vay, in the 2009 Florida prison recidivism study which study the prisoners who were released from 2001 to 2008 showed the…show more content…
The result showd the three-way relation between education program participation, educational attainment at prison admission, and recidivism. The survey reveal that only a small portion of inmates attained a high school education, and it assumed high school degree is the basic educational attainment inorder to function adequately in modern society, it reflected a large percentage of persons sentenced to prison are in need of further education as they did not attain at the community. In the frequency of education program participation which included Adult Basic Education (ABE), General Educational Development (GED), Adult Continuing Education (ACE), Post Secondary Education (PSE) including college courses and vocational training, and social skills courses. It showed an obvious decline recidivism rate. It reduced from 44.5 percent recidivating among those completing no courses during their prison term to 30.1 percent among those completing at least .5 courses during each 6 months of their prison term, or a drop of 14.7 percentage points in the recidivism rate. (Harer, 1995) Moreover it also found that even those who came…show more content…
D. (1995). Prison education program participation and recidivism: A test of the normalization hypothesis. Paper presented at the annual meeting of American Society of Criminological. Johnson, R. (1987), Hard Time: Understanding and Reforming the Prison. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole. Langan, Patrick A., and Levin, Daniel J. (2002). Recidivism of Prisoners released in 1994. U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Washington, DC. Vance, T. (2009), ‘Programs reduce risk of re-offending’, Literacy for Life: Classroom behind bars URL etProfile=1058 (accessed: 8 November 2010)

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