Social Structure Theory "Pelican Bay Prison" Social Structure Theory "Pelican Bay Prison" Pelican Bay Prison Video Background Pelican Bay Prison houses the most violent gang members in northern California. The facility was built in 1989 to control gang activity but has proven to be gang leaders “command center.” The prison is split up into two facilities. On one side is the security housing unit for gang leaders where they usually in individual cell for 22 hours a day with only one and half hours for showers and recreation. The second facility is called the “mainland.” The mainland houses about 2000 prisoners where they only are together in the recreation yard. The prisoners are controlling outside illegal drug trades, gang activities,
C. Refer to juvenile court The police officer may also place the juvenile in custody and refer the case to juvenile court. When it reaches juvenile court , a prosecutor or juvenile court intake officer take over. The case could be dismissed. The court could also handle the matter informally , or file formal charges. D. Arrested Charges could be filed against the youth once it reaches juvenile court.
Jails are the watershed of the correctional system. They are locally operated correctional facilities that confine people before or after adjudication. The function of jails today are used for individuals pending arraignment and waiting trial, conviction, and sentencing. The United States currently incarcerates 1 in nearly 100 American adults. Reasons for people being in jail could be for probation, parole, bail bond violators and absconders.
Cost of keeping a prisoner in custody per year for a maximum security prison is 32,547 more than most of us pay for tuition. States spend more on prison and penal institutions than we do on school and education I would like to point out that it is more about money than it is about reforming these prisoners. The prison system has become a monster throwing people in jail like its nothing. The government isn’t concerned with rehabilitation all they care about is keeping all the people involved in the prison, correctional, law enforcement, and justice system in business and with a healthy salary. The correctional officers who are in charge of prisoners typically have a high school diploma; they are essentially baby sitters of so called criminals.
A2) Describe research into planned behaviours once freed from jail  On average, 60% of prisoners reoffend once released from prison. It may be necessary to identify the features of those who do not reoffend to be able to instil these features in all prisoners. Many prisoners lack academic and practical skills needed to gain employment and survive in everyday life. A theory formed by Azjen on planned behaviour suggests there are three factors which contribute towards behaviour. One of which is attitude toward behaviour (does the released offender care if they are reconvicted with another crime), another is subjective norms (if the released offender is around other offenders, he may be more likely to be reoffending), and the last is perceived behavioural control (this is whether the ex-convict believes they can ‘go straight’ and not reoffend).
Being a correctional officer is enforcing rules and regulations that may help offenders look up to the correctional officers for advice or see them as a mentor. This job involves overseeing people who have been arrested and are awaiting a trial or who have been convicted of their crime and are sentenced to jail or prison. Correctional officers whom work in local jails work with around 13 million people per year, with about 80,000 inmates at any one time. The main
Most of these individuals have spent a minimum of 4 years in prison before they were exonerated. There have been many other cases were a person had spent 30 years of their life in jail for a wrongful conviction. Fortunately, an error was corrected and the case was overturned. But unfortunately those years taken from a person can not be replaced. There are many factors that play a part in a wrongful conviction.
State and Federal Prison Systems Paper Kevin Roisten Jerry Shoate CJS/230 State and federal prison systems are similar yet different in many ways. An example of a state prison system would be Red Onion State Prison (ROSP). Red Onion State Prison is a maximum security prison located in Wise County, Virginia and is operated by the Virginia Department of Corrections (VADOC). ROSP hold around 800 felons and is known for having the worst inmates. They classify inmates based on several security levels such as security level –S with suitable isolation qualifiers.
“Jails hold a variety of offenders (those who have been arrested, have been detained pending trial, have been sentenced to short terms of confinement for minor crimes, are awaiting transfer to another facility, and are being held administratively for a criminal justice agency). They may hold offenders arrested for public drunkenness or for multiple murders.” (Corrections: An Introduction, Third Edition, 2011) Jails have been around since 1166. The first jail was established in England. A gaol, was the term used by the English for what we call a jail today. These jails in 1166 were horrible places to be detained.
Checkpoint Jails and Prisons Response When you look at the prison system today there is a large amount of facilities out there used to house inmates. The facility that the offender is placed in is determined by what they have done wrong or the nature of the crime that they committed and their mental status. The common four prisons that will be talked about are the federal prisons, state prisons, private prisons, and county and local jails. One of the big differences in the private prisons is they have contracted out by the government to provide facilities that will be like the state and federal prisons. These private facilities can free up space in the government institutions to help prevent over-crowding.