Prison is used to custody people who violate against the law inorder to deprivale their liberty as a kind of punishment. Separate the law violated citizens from the society to maintain social order, deter others potential offenders from criminal behaviour, and also ensecure the public safety. Nevertheless most of the prisoners will reintegerate to society, we should give them an opportunity to reform, however how to prevent them from recidivate is a pressing issue among the world. In US, it contain the world highest incarceration rate, 7,308,200 up to 2008 were sent to prisons and jails. The report of recidivism rate are vay, in the 2009 Florida prison recidivism study which study the prisoners who were released from 2001 to 2008 showed the
Corrections Trend Evaluation CJA/394 March 2012 Corrections Trend Evaluation The role of correctional systems or prison related facilities, programs, or services are to make society a safer place. Prisons are based on the idea that some people are so terribly evil that they do not need to be in with society and that they need to be cut off from the rest of society and closely monitored. What happens once a person is sent into a prison system then must be released back into society? Today we will take a look at what happens when people have been placed through the prison system and community corrections and the outcomes they make on these individuals. Throughout most of the twentieth century, the dominant philosophies have been incapacitation, deterrence, and retribution.
The main argument made by the author revolves around the issue of quality of service, where private correctional facilities in the UK have been shown to perform poorly in comparison to their state-run counterparts. Verlak cites studies showing that about twice as many prison complaints arise in the private run correction institutions when compared to those run by the state. Verlak’s source is the Freedom of Information Act based on data from
Cameron Booker Criminology Dr. Anadi November 12, 2013 However, in 2002 about a quarter of convicted property and drug offenders in local jails had committed their crimes to get money for drugs, compared to 5% of violent and public order offenders. Among state prisoners in 2004 the pattern was similar, with property (30%) and drug offenders (26%) more likely to commit their crimes for drug money than violent (10%) and public-order offenders (7%). In federal prisons property offenders (11%) were less than half as likely as drug offenders (25%) to report drug money as a motive in their offenses. College student victims Overall 41% of violent crimes committed against college students and 38% of nonstudents were committed by an offender perceived to be using drugs, 1995-2000. About 2 in 5 of all rape/sexual assaults and about a quarter of all
Segregation of HIV Positive Inmates The United States prison population increased drastically over the last 20 years where approximately two million people are currently incarcerated in jails or prisons. The latest data reported by the Bureau of Justice (Maruschak 2) revealed that there are 21,462 HIV positive prisoners incarcerated in federal and state prisons in the US. During, mid 1980s HIV and AIDs “were not fully understood by scientists, policymaker’s and medical personnel” (Human Rights Watch); therefore correctional departments created and implemented very restrictive policies regarding HIV prisoners. It is believed that these early restrictions contributed to the current isolation of the HIV population. Furthermore, HIV prisoners
Special populations create a lot of challenges for the prison environment. For example, mental illness. A. Lutz in her article 'Life Is Hard For The 1.3 Million Mental Patients Behind Bars In The US' states "There are 1.25 million mentally ill inmates in the U.S. justice system, according to the federal Bureau of Justice Statistics.' (Lutz, 2012). That's compared to only 40,000 in mental hospitals."
359) it was assumed that the most common exclusion was re-incarceration at the time of or shortly after release. The demographics and clinical characteristics reflecting the HIV-infected incarcerated population was most of the participants were male and African-American, almost three quarters had prior prison incarcerations and over half suffer from depression. “Of the 89 subjects included in the analyses, 31 (72.1%) in the BCM and 28 (60.9%) in the SOC arms completed the week 48
Roughly 5% of all adult Americans suffer from a serious illness according to a 2012 report by a division of the 2012 US Department of Health and Human Services. A 2006 study by the Bureau of Justice Statistics found that over half of all prison and jail inmates have some sort of mental health issue. An estimated 1.24 Million suffer from mental health issues which are over 4 times that number in 1998. This research indicates that mental illness is overrepresented within the criminal justice system. The current rates indicate that two to four times that of the normal
(U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Violence in the Workplace, 1993-99 — December 2001) An average of 1.7 million violent crimes per year are committed against persons age 12 or older who are at work or on duty. (U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Violence in the Workplace, 1993-99 — December 2001) The majority of workplace violent incidents — almost 19 in 20 — are aggravated or simple assaults. (U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Violence in the Workplace, 1993-99 — December 2001) Less than 25 percent of workplace rape and sexual assaults are reported to the police, the lowest percentage when compared to other violent crimes in the workplace. (U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Violence in the Workplace, 1993-99 — December 2001) The violent crime victimization rate for working or on duty males is 56 percent higher than the female rate. (U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Violence in the Workplace, 1993-99 — December
Experts claim that inmate labor today sets the American prison system back 100 years. The image America has for convicts at work has changed and is far to limited to encompass the great range of jobs that the American prison workforce is performing. For example, if someone were to book a flight on NWA, they would most likely be talking to a prisoner at a correctional facility that the airline uses for its reservation services. People claim that trusting a criminal with something so important is foolish and could cost someone something very important. Therefore, proponents claim that using inmates for public labor is too risky for society as a