They are a few exceptions to this rule, as to when a minor or juvenile maybe charged as an adult. The major difference between juvenile and adult court, is adult court is designed to see if the offender has any criminal responsibility to the crime. Also in adult court, they are tried by a party of their peers and punishment is set forth. Can one really see a minor being tried by their peers? This is the reason why the judge has the major say in juvenile court and proceedings.
One of the most significant differences is the intent of the two systems; the focus of the juvenile justice system is on rehabilitation and future reintegration, while the goal of the criminal justice system is punishment and deterrence of future crime. In juvenile court rulings, decisions often take psychosocial factors into account along with current offense severity and the youth’s offense history. In contrast, in criminal proceedings, the severity of the offense and criminal history weigh most heavily in sentencing outcome. Upon release, those who pass through the juvenile justice system receive parole-like surveillance along with reintegration programs, reflecting the belief that juvenile behavior can be changed. Those released from prison receive surveillance which serves to monitor and
| Should Juveniles Be Tried As Adults | | | Michelle Rogers | 10/5/2014 | | The whole purpose of the juvenile court system is to guide and rehabilitate adolescents/children by providing direction to those convicted of crime. The courts should be focusing on rehabilitation, while the state should act as a parental figure rather than a prosecutor or judge. Taking a parental approach would help channel youth in appropriate directions instead of simply punishing them for their mistakes. States deliberately give harsher sentences to teach adolescents/children a lesson. President Mark Soler of the Washington, D.C., Youth Law Center points out that adolescents/children are required by law to be incarcerated separately from adults.
“Child protection and adult crime: using investigator assignment to estimate the causal effects of foster care.” Journal of Political Economy, 116(41) (2008), pp 746- 770. Retrieved March 22, 2012 from Academic One File. Ghera, M., Marshall, P., Fox, N., Zeanah, C., Nelson, C., Smyke, A., and Guthrie, D. “The effects of foster care intervention on socially deprived institutionalized children’s attention and positive affect: results from the DEIP study.” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 50(3) (2009), pp 246-253. Retrieved March 22, 2012 from Academic One File. Li, C. “Children who run away from foster care: Who are the children and what are the risk factors?” Children and Youth Services 34(4) (2012), pp.
[online] http://www.businessballs.com/elisabeth_kubler_ross_five_stages_of_grief.htm. (accessed 3 February 2012). Children Act 1989 [online] http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1989/41/contents (accessed 1 December 2011) Children Act 2004 [online] http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1989/41/contents (accessed 7 December 2011) Children’s Plan (2007) [online] http://www.educationengland.org.uk/documents/pdfs/2007-children's-plan.pdf (accessed 8 February 2012) Cowan & Cowan Daly, M. Byers, E and Taylor, W. (2006) Understanding Early Years Theory in Practice, Oxford: Heinemann. Department for Children, Schools and Families. (2008a) The Child Health Promotion Programme – Pregnancy and the First Five Years of Life London: DH Publications Department for Children, Schools and Families.
However, the language and form of punishment used to rehabilitate and punish children differs greatly from that used in adult courts (Siegel, 2009). The juvenile court system serves two major functions; keeping juvenile offenders away from the society and rehabilitating or correcting them. Correction helps to hold juveniles accountable to their action by helping them to realize the wrong they have done. In addition, correction facilities help to educating, and imparting social skills among juvenile offenders. Through the correction function of juvenile court system, young offenders are influenced to realize their potential by helping them to build acceptable vocational and interpersonal skills.
(OJJDP 1994). Intensive supervision programs contain a wide range of programs and plans for the juvenile. Although ISP’s are used more commonly in the adult correctional system, ISP’s programs are aimed at the more serious offenders are being welcomed as an option in the juvenile justice systems throughout the country. According to the OJJDP, “The definition of juvenile offender varies among programs. For example, the chronic juvenile offender refers to the individual who began his or her delinquent career at an early age, has numerous minor offenses and for whom regular probation has been ineffective.” They believe that the ISP’s can work for those juveniles who have committed more serious but nonviolent offenses as well.
Available from: Biological Abstracts 1969 - Present, Ipswich, MA. III. Life cycle CLARK C G, DIAMOND L S. COLONIZATION OF THE UTERUS BY THE ORAL PROTOZOAN ENTAMOEBA-GINGIVALIS. American Journal Of Tropical Medicine And Hygiene [serial online]. 1992;46(2):158-160.