Tensions between the Peloponnesian League and the Delian League eventually led to the Peloponnesian war. Thucydides believed that Sparta was afraid of the growing power of Athens, which had essentially resulted in the creation of an Athenian empire. Sparta felt that Athens was meddling in their business, and Athens would not agree to avoid interference. After twenty-seven years of war, and the participation in one way or another of many of the city-states belonging to the two leagues, both Sparta and Athens were in ruins. Sparta claimed the victory, and the city-states continued their bickering and fighting.
The Peloponnesian War erupted from 431-404 BCE between the Spartans and the empire of the Athenians. Prior to this war the two enemies were allies against the Persians, but turned on each other. Reasons for this war were, power, greed, and treason between the two armies. Both of these powers wanted to be the most powerful and this caused a conflict amongst themselves. Athenians had been in previous wars and as time progressed it was clear that Athens had to be rebuilt, as the reconstruction process proceeded the Athenian empire began to dominate their allies politically and economically.
Persia conquered everyone they met at first. King Darius (king of Persia) sent messages to Athens and Sparta, telling them surrender; which they refused. Darius, now furious with the Greeks sent his army to fight at Marathon which was 26 miles away from Athens. The Persians lost this battle, a runner was sent to Athens to tell them of their victory. The Persians ran out of supplies and returned after the defeat of Marathon.
This has caused a world-wide debate over the ethics of these antiquities, creating dispute over who should have the rightful ownership of them. As a result of this ethical conflict some museums are returning their ancient artefacts to the countries of origin as a gesture of friendship, imposing the question as to why many other countries aren’t doing the same. The British museum is constantly under the spotlight of the debate as it holds both, part of the Parthenon marbles and the Rosetta stone. They are refusing to return the artefacts to Egypt and Greece on the grounds that the countries of origin lack the necessary means or facilities to look after the ancient objects to the standard that is required. Egypt and Greece are both going through financial crisis and civil uproar.
Britain had recently removed its troop from the area around the canal, so Nasser decided to nationalise the canal and impose a toll which he could use to fund the dam. Many countries would be influenced by how Britain reacted to this and relied upon Anthony Eden and the conservative party to make the decision. Anthony Eden became prime minister as a member of the conservative party after serving as foreign secretary during World War II. He decided firm action was needed against Nasser’s nationalisation of the Canal and decided to act independently against him, this decision was bound to annoy the USA who were currently involved in the Cold War with Russia, Eisenhower was furious at Britain and at the start of November America pressure fuelled a run on the pound, so that 15% of Britain’s gold and dollar reserves quickly disappeared. As Eden made this decision, many blamed him directly for the outcome rather than the conservative party.
Tensions between Greece and Ottomans began during the eighteenth century when Greek men of great influence began to appeal to the Greek exiles to separate themselves from the Ottomans. Events escalated when influential Greek nationalists pressured Greeks who inhabited the regions of the Balkans and Asia Minor to rebel against their Turkish rulers. A revolt in March 1821 sparked the Greek Revolution that would last nine years before the Greeks finally achieved independence in 1830. During this time, there was a pro-Greek movement in Europe to garner support for the struggle for Greek independence. As a result, there spawned a split view on the Greek people and their culture that gave birth to three images: an oppressed people who had endured the tyranny of Turkish rule held by Greeks and some European peoples; a people whose culture had been tainted by the ignorance of Turkish rule held by some European peoples; and a people full of robbers and drunkards who revolt out of ignorance held by influential Turkish leaders.
Some questionable facts are how many men really fought in this battle, how did the Greeks triumph against the juggernaut force of the Persian armada, and what strategies they would have used. What really happened in the Persian wars was immeasurable Persian forces attacked Greek islands and Greek city states for attacks to happen certain variables must be in place. For starters the Persians and Greeks were large empires in that dynasty and were very close together; consequently this would have caused great conflict between the two ancient super powers. Ancient Greece is located roughly 200km east of the Asian Minor where Persia was set. At this point in history the Persian Empire was colossal it was the largest ancient Empire ever known and it was looking to expand its territory into Greece.
The conflict of interest over the land of Point Nepean is the view. The battle is between investors and park groups. Because to own a house in this area would cost millions even billions, because of the view and the historical past. But building houses will destroy what we have left of Point Nepean. And that is why Park groups are against it, they want to have evidence of the past and be able to still see the beauty of Point Nepean without housing estates.
were a volatile time for the Persian Empire. Its struggles with the Greek city-states resulted in general chaos as the two great spheres of power in the ancient world met in battle. The first historian, Herodotus, chose this war as his main topic of interest. This site introduces this pivotal rivalry in world history. Report broken link Persian Architecture This site is packed with information on the unique style of Persian architecture.
It is apparent on how the Ancient Athenians executed Socrates after the series of attempts of his followers to destroy Democracy. It is also a Democracy of the Sword because of the Ancient Athenians view war as a necessity to protect Democracy, which they claim to be the model government for other Greek City-States to follow but eventually these wars destroyed Democracy. The Democracy of the United States of America during the 20th century, as I see it, is a Democracy of principles in a sense that Ideologies are dominant in the United States. There are four dominant Ideologies namely: liberal, conservative, libertarian and populist. I tend to think that the United States view the world as a political area and it is just a mere battle of principles of state governance.