As these generations age, society changes as well as the family values. Adjustments are made to meet both individual and society needs. The three key processes in which children learn values and develop character should start with the forming of emotional attachments, teaching of pro-social behavior, and respect for authority; and abiding by the rules both within the family structure and society. The forming of emotional attachment should start at birth. First the infant bonds with its mother.
Parenting Styles Brittany Patten Liberty University Abstract There are many different parenting styles utilized by caregivers in today’s world. Parenting styles may depend on location in the world, tradition, personal preference, or a myriad of other reasons. Parents and researchers try to figure out what parenting style is best for children to teach them to become strong, independent adults. Among the most popular parenting styles are authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and other new-age parenting styles. Today, there has been a rise among instinctual parenting and attachment parenting.
Parenting Practice over Generations Parenting practice has been a part of child development from the beginning. It is believed that the discipline that the child receives from the parents sets their behavior as well as their lives. Over the years, parenting practice has had patterns of practices in which are process or steps of development within the child’s care. “In the quest of family researchers to identify the factors that contribute to child and family well-being, parenting has emerged as playing a critical role. Parenting has long been recognized as making an important contribution to child development.
To achieve this, this paper will focus on four factors, which are, (1) parenting style/child rearing pattern (2) parents’ career, work values and work related attitudes and behaviour (3) parent’s education and socio-economic status and (4) gender stereotyping and the gender of parent and child. The following definitions will be used throughout the literature review and as a result, they have been singled out and defined for greater clarity. Definition of Terms 1. Impact strong effect or impression (Collins’ dictionary) 2. Familial of a family or its members; something that has a tendency to occur in a
Developmental psychologists have long been interested in how parents impact child development. However, finding actual cause-and-effect links between specific actions of parents and later behavior of children is very difficult. Some children raised in dramatically different environments can later grow up to have remarkably similar personalities. Conversely, children who share a home and are raised in the same environment can grow up to have astonishingly different personalities than one another. Despite these challenges, researchers have uncovered convincing links between parenting styles and the effects these styles have on children.
This essay will discuss the historical significance of the family in relation to the issue, as well briefly examine the impact of gender. According to Perry & Perry (2009), the family as a social institution is identifiable in almost every society ever documented. Families contribute to ones identity (Perry & Perry, 2009), particularly parents, who greatly influence their children. Parental behaviour will affect how a child relates to others in both positive and negative ways, as in the case of bullying. Parson understood this when he developed the theory known as Primary Socialisation, which indicated that the fundamental role of the family was to mould the character of the offspring (Van Krieken, Habibis, Smith, Hutchins, Haralambos & Holborn, 2010).
The effects of parenting styles (child-rearing practices) on the development of prosocial behaviour of children in early and middle childhood Abstract: Prosocial behaviour such as empathy, sharing and helping, is vital for healthy and effective relationships throughout life. Parenting styles have been found to significantly influence the amount of prosocial behaviour that a child shows (Dekovic & Jannsen, 1992; Berk, 2000). The relationship between prosocial behaviour and parenting styles was investigated interviewing 4 participants with regards to their parenting styles and the level of prosocial behaviour of their children. The participants were all mothers of two children aged between 4 and 8 years. Two white English-speaking mothers were interviewed, and two coloured Afrikaans-speaking mothers.
Parenting styles are a combination of parental circumstances, habits, and emotional patterns that define the relationships between parent and child. This essay investigates the four main parenting styles from which questions emerge about the effectiveness of each. As we explore the possibilities of each style, please keep in mind, parenting style is meant to define normal variations and circumstances in parenting. Parenting is a complex activity that includes many specific behaviors that work individually and together to influence the outcome of child rearing. Parenting styles are very diverse and usually reflect that of one’s own life experiences.
Source: Field Survey 4.3 Parenting Styles With the aim of finding out how parenting style affects the introversion and extraversion nature of students, the study sought to find out the kind of parenting styles practiced by the parents of the students. The parenting styles considered include, authoritative, authoritarian and permissive parenting style. 4.3.1 Authoritative Parenting Style The findings showed that, most of the students sampled identified the authoritative parenting style as the main parenting style adopted by their parents in catering for them. This kind of parenting style involves parents
Family Systems and how they function Tony Newsome Dr. Pamela Todd September 11, 2014 Introduction Family Systems and Healthy Development beings with parenting and how parents raise their children. In this essay, I will discuss how one can discern a healthy family system, what are the determining factors that distinguish healthy systems, the effects of an unhealthy family system on development, and how family systems affect physical (neural), emotional, spiritual, and social development. Parents are the ones who mold and shape their children whether it is being an authoritarian/military style approach or permissive, a more laid back approach. Children who have parents barking orders at them all the time will either revel or will clam up like a robot and will not be able to interact sociably with others. Permissive parents have children who, in many ways, share the undesirable characteristics of children of authoritarian parents.