The main indicators of domestic abuse could be that the victim has unexplained injuries that could have been done by the abuser. Also if the victim begins to isolate themselves and change their behaviour, this could be because the abuser is controlling who the victim has in their life and who they communicate
Physical abuse is the act of violence on an individual that causes pain. A number of different signs can indicate that a service user is being physically abused. The main signs are physical marks or injuries such as bruises, burns and fractures. In addition to this the service users behaviour can change such as becoming more shy, hesitant quiet and withdrawn. Depression is a common consequence of being physically abused as the service user is normally too scared or vulnerable to speak up and ask for help.
Andrew Cawthron HSC 024 1. Know how to recognize signs of abuse. 1.1 Define the following types of abuse; • Physical Abuse • Sexual Abuse • Emotional/Psychological Abuse • Financial Abuse • Institutional Abuse • Self Neglect • Neglect by others Physical Abuse This is defined by any kind of physical contact that is unwanted or unnecessary. This can be forcibly restraining someone, striking them or not providing them with the necessary equipment to be able to perform a manual task safely risking injury. This can also include something as simple as grabbing someone arm or putting your arm around their shoulder and ushering them into a room.
When that force is immediate, of short duration, or infrequent, it is called sexual assault. The offender is referred to as sexual abuser or molester. Possible indicators of sexual abuse are loss of sleep, unexpected or unexplained change in behaviour, bruising, soreness around the genitals, pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and more. Psychological abuse Psychological abuse, also referred to as emotional abuse or mental abuse, is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive relationships, bullying, and an abuse in the workplace.
People who are dependent on others for care are more prone to abuse for example people in care homes, or who have carers coming in and they are reliant on them for washing, changing feeding etc. People who rely on others for care may feel they can’t speak up about the abuse for fear of retribution or feel they don’t know who to tell. Vulnerable adults can also include such people as victims of domestic violence, homeless people, drug addicts,
Another sign may be that a client will flinch when a certain carer goes near them. Sexual Abuse Sexual abuse can also be referred to as molestation, and is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another. It can take several different forms including: Being touched in an intimate area when you do not want to be. Being made to touch others in intimate areas when you do not want to. Having any type of sex when you don’t want to.
Weight loss and unkempt appearance can be signs of abuse. Being scared of contact and flinching away could be signs that abuse is being used. Noticing medication running out quickly could be a indicator that medication is being over used just as medication not running out could show that medication is not being given. Sexual abuse Definition: Sexual abuse is any kind of sexual activity is forced upon a vulnerable person. Having no consent or abusing a person who is unable to give consent due to illness or mental state is sexual abuse.
Unit 4222 Principles of safeguarding protection in health and social care (HSC024) 1. Know how to recognise signs of abuse 1. Define the following types of abuse: Physical abuse There may be some outward signs of abuse, but a lot of the time there may be no obvious visible signs of: Hitting Kicking Pushing Biting Sexual Abuse Although there may be no outward signs of abuse, the victim may appear to be withdrawn and their behaviour may change subtly in the presence of or at the mention of their abuser. This may derive from such actions as inappropriate touching without consent. Their unwillingness to complain may be due to: Harassment and/or Threats of what will happen if anything is said.
Outcome 1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse The learner can: 1. define the following types of abuse: Physical abuse Sexual abuse Emotional/psychological abuse Financial abuse Institutional abuse Self neglect Neglect by others 2. identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse. Definition of “abuse is a violation of an individual's human and civil rights by any other person or persons”. (Department of Health, 2000. No secrets guidelines) | 1 – Definition of the Abuse | 2 - Signs and Symptoms | Physical Abuse | Hitting, Slapping, Pushing, Kicking, Burning, Rough or Careless Handling, Misuse of Medication, Inappropriate Restraint. | The appearance of unexplained bruising, cuts, burns.
This abuse can be physical, emotional, psychological, financial or sexual.This can include hitting, kicking, biting, shoving, restraining, slapping, throwing objects, threats, controlling or domineering behaviour, intimidation and stalking. Physical injuries, depression, anxiety, nightmares/flashbacks, fear, panic attacks, anger confusion, low self-esteem, lack of confidence, mistrust, suicidal, shame and difficulty to establish trust in new relationships. Discriminatory Discriminatory abuse involves picking on or treating someone unfairly because something about them is different, for example it may be: age, clothing or appearance, ethnicity, nationality or culture including traits like language, gender, health (such as AIDS) or disability (i.e. mental disorders), lifestyle or occupation, race or skin colour, religion or political affiliation, sexuality and sexual orientation,