Overview of Organizational Socialization

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Introduction Background of the Topic: The terminology associated to process of “Socialization” dates back to 14th century (Tuttle, 2003). Organization is a social institution, which build up goals with their aims and goal with their methods, values and beliefs ( Etebarian & Khalili, 2008) and method by which sense-making develops is known as organizational socialization (Guruman et al, 2006). Organizational socialization can be defined as “the process by which an individual attains the attitudes, knowledge and behavior required for participating as member in the organization” (Van Maanen & Schein, 1979). When individuals join organizations, they must learn to understand and make sense of their new surroundings (Louis 1980). Hence learning to new environment is recognized as organizational socialization (Guruman et al, 2006). Socialization is the main part of organizational realityand the entire organization is affected by it (Czarniawska, 2010). During the process of Socialization , newcomers gain information and knowledge about their jobs, roles and work groups and the organization, it is necessary for them to participate and serve as successful member of the organization (Haueter, Macan, &Winter, 2003; Morrison, 1993a). Socialization is important (Cooper-Thomas & Anderson, 2006) for its crucial role in the initial stages of employment for newcomer (shaemi et al, 2010). It enables newcomers to discover with, what is organizational about, why it is important and their place in it; it facilitates work adjustment; and can influence the long term career and success of new comers (Ashforth, Sluss and Harrison, 2007).Organizational Socialization has also become more important than ever due increase mobility of workforce (Saks & Gruman, 2011). In past 3 decades, understanding of a newcomer’s adjustment (Swap et al., 2001; Balaji & Ramya.,2012)

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