Outline and Evaluate the Evolutionary Explanation of Group Display

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Outline and evaluate the evolutionary explanation of group display The evolutionary explanation of xenophobia for group displays of aggression outlines how natural selection results in favourable genes that make people aggressive to people they do not understand. This would benefit early humanity as it would be far more beneficial to be over aggressive and deal with a threat than be under aggressive and die. Thus the more aggressive humans survived. Balestri et al looked at the behaviour of football crowds in Italy finding examples of xenophobic tendencies towards another team’s supporters and players. Group displays were identified through racist chants and anti-Semitic posters. Another study looking at Hungarian football crowds found that violent incidents based on racist or xenophobic behaviour was spread across all football stadiums. Gypsies, Jews and Russians were the usual targets in the findings, therefore supporting the idea that xenophobia as an adaptive response is still present in humans. Real world applications can be drawn from this research due to the fact that xenophobic aggression has motivated football officials to minimise its influence. For example the Scottish football teams, Celtic and Rangers, have introduced a movement to abandon the tradition of only hiring catholic players for their teams. Hungtingford suggests that non-human animals show aggression towards outsiders and attack with increasing force when defending territory. This has its human version in the displays of rugby teams prior to a match such as the Hakka dance that the New Zealand rugby team perform to scare their opponents). Aggressive displays would have been adaptive for our ancestors as they allowed groups to defend valuable resources associated with territory without endangering themselves and thus ensuring their survival, resulting in the gene being passed on through

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