Work 1 : Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care
1. Know how to recognise signs of abuse
1.1 Define the following types of abuse:
• physical abuse : Includes ; hitting, slapping, pushing, kicking, misuse of medication, misuse of restraint, inappropriate sanctions.
• sexual abuse : Includes; rape and sexual assault , or sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented or could not consent, or where pressure was applied to secure their consent.
• emotional/psychological abuse: Includes; verbal abuse, psychological abuse, threats, deprivation of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling or intimidation.
• financial abuse: Includes ; theft, fraud, exploitation, pressure in connection with wills, property or financial transactions.
• institutional abuse: Involves; the collective failure of an organisation to provide an appropriate and professional service to vulnerable people. It includes a failure to ensure the necessary safeguards are in place to protect vulnerable adults and maintain good standarts of care in accordance with individual needs.
• self neglect: Includes; behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have.
• neglect by others: Includes ;ignoring medical or physical care needs , failure to provide access to appropriate health, social care or educational services.
1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse Physical : injuries like bruises, cuts, broken bones, Sexual : Medical problems such as chronic itching, pain in the genitals, venereal diseases. Other extreme reactions, such as depression, self-mutilation, suicide attempts, running away, overdoses, anorexia. Personality changes such as becoming insecure or clinging.