Noun Phrases Analysis

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Noun phrases have special lexicogrammatical features that can distinguish between written and spoken modes. The nature of noun phrases is an important element to compare between two modes and registers. So we will analyze the noun phrases in text 1(written) and text 2(spoken), based on pre-modifiers, heads words and post-modifiers, and other features. Biber argues that the numbers of noun phrases in spoken mode are more than numbers of noun phrases in written mode. Also, Biber finds that noun phrases with modifiers are more common in written mode (Hall and Keynes, 2004). Figure one shows that text 1 has 32 noun phrases and text 2 has 45 noun phrases, also text 1 has 17 noun phrases with pre-modifiers and 8 noun phrases with post-modifiers,…show more content…
Text two is a transcript dialogue between two persons Terry Gross (host) and Donald Glover (Guest) that show expert in the field of music. Also, there are subconscious grammatical choices such as dysfluency ( the disturb elements in speech) like pauses in ''I guess - I don't know'' and ''They - I would'' there are pauses between words like they and I, guess and I. Also, the repetition l in clauses level such as ''I just remember - I just remember '' or words level such as the repetition of words ''I'' or ''thing''. In addition to hesitators sounds like ''oh''. Ellipsis (removed elements in the speech) such as ''listening all the time, which I didn't realize {some songs}. I didn't remember { the other songs}'' some songs and the other songs are removed (Hall and Keynes, 2004). One of the important features that govern spoken mode is limited planning (time), this feature creates the head ,body, and tail as Biber argues, speakers creates head then adds information (body) and adjusting it (tail). We can see in table one example 1 and 2. Another feature of spoken mode is a reformulation of the clauses such as ''I guess'' to ''I don't know'' (2004). The last feature is using a slang term like ''Oh man''. The written mode has special lexicogrammatical features. Text one is a monolog that has one participant, which the writer use a lot of time to planning and rewriting, and he/she uses formal terms to write a report about the field of travel. Text one has 162 words in 14 clauses, while text two has 176 words in 27 clauses, although text one has more information in its clauses and fewer processes, fewer processes, such as ''The Royal Bank of Scotland flying banker has flown more than 10,000 trips on the service'' this clause has more information than clause in text 2 such as ''It's funny''. To prove in task 2, we see that text one has lexical density 0.66 and type-token ratio 71%, which is more than lexical
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