I will explain the basic ideas of functionalism and explain how common-sense plays a role in the theory. I will then present one objection to the common-sense functionalism theory and form a hypothesis of how a common-sense functionalist would respond to the objection. Lastly, I will present my own evaluation of the common-sense functonalism theory. Functionalism, in simple terms, is the doctrine that the function of an object should determine its design and materials. It is a doctrine in the philosophy of mind according to which mental states are defined by their causes and effects.
Discussion of Interactionism and its difficulties In this paper I will discuss the Interactionism and its difficulties as the assignments require. I’m going to start with the definition of what is Dualism as a theory about the nature of the mind and its relation to the body. And the differences between Dualism and Materialism will be referred in the second section. In the third section I will answer the question “what is the ‘common sense view’ of the correlations between physical events in the body and mental events in the mind?” Next part I will explain what is Interactionism which is Dualist’s view on the correlations between physical and mental events and answer the question “what role does the notion of cause and effect play in defining Interactionism?” And next follows the answer of “what about Dualism makes the proposed causal interaction between the mind and the body problematic?” In the last two sections, I will explain what’s the principle of Conservation of Energy and what kind of problem does this principle pose for Interactionism. As described in the Paper #1, people who contend that mind or thought or sense or conscious all these nonphysical substances can only be explained fully by an appeal to something distinct from the physical are dualists, their theory is called Dualism.
Indirect Realism- There is objection to direct realism, by studies done on perception and psychological processes realists have distinguished between external objects as the causes and objects of perceiving and closed sensa which is the functions of our brain. The form of this view has been named representative realism. This view as well, has its own defecits, and has also been criticized by philosophers. This view has been modernized to introduce a more acceptable theory on perception. Representative Realism, “seeing a table.” The actions involved in seeing this object both through the brain processes is derived from the sensa and that we are directly aware of our senses, which form together what we know as the shape, size, color and other properties that we visualize.
Content theory explains why human needs change with time. Another theory that attempts to explain human behavior is Process theory. Content theory includes the work of David McClelland, Abraham Maslow and other psychologists as they attempted to explain why human needs change, but not how they change. Content theories explain the specific factors that motivate people. In other words, they answer the question What drives behaviour?
This weaker version seems to make more sense to me. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is in effect two propositions, which in a very basic form could perhaps be summed up as firstly Linguistic Determinism (language determines thought), and secondly Linguistic relativity (difference in language equals difference in thought). This topic of determinism and relativity can be applied to many areas – the study of to what extent technology influences our lives is termed the technological determinism debate. In psychology, discussion of this nature regarding the effect of environment and genetic makeup on our lives is called the nature/nurture debate. In a ‘purer’ form, there are philosophical questions of free will and determinism.
An Examination of the Cartesian Self The object of psychology is, arguably, no less than the Cartesian self or cogito. If Descartes was wrong, what does this tell us about the field of psychology? Word Count (Excluding Quotes and References): 2,169 An Examination of the Cartesian Self ‘Psychology’, is well established, both as an academic discipline, and an entity which holds a central role in popular culture. Perhaps its most crucial component is that of ‘the self’. The origins of the self though do not lie solely within psychology, but within the Westernised philosophy from which the discipline emerged (Hayes, 2000).
He is opposed to the idea of the separation of the senses. He argues for more of an integrated body that uses multiple senses as a means to better understand the world. Pallasmaa quotes the psychologist James J Gibson who defines the senses as “as aggressively seeking mechanisms rather than mere passive receivers.” The senses are actively searching for constant interaction and understanding of this world. He writes “Instead of the five detached senses, Gibson categorizes the senses in five sensory systems: visual system, auditory system, the taste-smell system, the basic-orienting system and the haptic system. “ He even writes about theories that argue for 12 systems, though he doesn’t explore this topic at large.
The second concept, coming out of C.G. Jung's analytical psychology, describes the process in which the individual Self develops out of an undifferentiated unconscious. It is a developmental, psychical process, the process whereby the innate elements of personality, the different experiences of a person's life and the different aspects and components of the immature psyche become integrated over time into a well-functioning whole.  There is a region where the two could be said to blur into each other, but it is important to recognize that they are in fact speaking of two different (though related) things.  According to Jungian psychology, individuation is a process of psychological integration, having for its goal the development of the individual personality.
Moreover, Philosopher’s task is to seek for the truth of knowledge. People can gain knowledge in various ways. The philosophers defined knowledge as “true opinion combined with definition or rational explanation”. Through resources such as media, Books, Internet, Dictionaries, or even from each other’s. It generated in response to the type of technology the biological provocation as the basic form, and can also be considered independently of the culture.
Define cognition Psychology is generally defined as the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. Cognitive psychology could be defined by eliminating the last two words of that definition—the scientific study of mental processes. Behavior is examined by cognitive psychologists, but primarily as an avenue into the underlying mental processes, in the same way that physicists infer the force of gravity from the behavior of objects in the world. And the study of mental processes covers a lot of ground. These processes include attention, remembering, producing and understanding language, solving problems, and making decisions.