The high medieval period in Europe was dominated by a succession of royal governors, an elite class who controlled the political landscape. Their rule was facilitated by a number of factors; first, by the force of their armies they maintained control of their respective territories, quelling any challenge or rebellion. Second, they performed the function of delivering justice and were thus a valuable source of law and order for their populace. Third, the support of the church, which influenced much of the population, inspired the belief that kings were a representative of god and had a god given right to rule. Fourth, their use of the feudal system, as well as the administration which accompanied it enabled them to keep their kingdoms and subjects in check.
This facilitated him to becoming the most superior individual and increased overall royal power by building up political influence in the latter years. In 1534 the act of supremacy was passed declaring Henry VIII Head of the English Church in both temporal and spiritual matters. This was the heart of the Henrician reformation as it signified the break with Rome and necessitated other changes, for example, changes in the role and function of parliament, extension of central government in localities, changes in religious practice, destruction of existing institutions and development of new ones. By 1536 royal supremacy in the Church and state was widely accepted showing an increase in royal power as outside powers, such as the Papacy, no longer had influence within England and was seen as the start to a Tudor revolution in government. Elton – Cromwell architect of tudor revolution in govt 1536 – dissolution of monasteries – transferred property to crown, improved royal finances & gained favour and support by selling off church lands to gentry and nobility.
By 1536 the Royal Supremacy in church and state was established and widely accepted, allowing Henry to exert his power more thoroughly, and ultimately creating a revolutions the king could take full control of the kingdom. Although Cranmer took the lead in theological debates, it was in fact Cromwell who shaped the new church. In 1536 Cromwell was appointed Vicegerent in Spiritual, and along with introducing his Protestant ideas, which further undermined the respect for the papacy and helped to justify the break with Rome. Cromwell’s careful follow-on of events, such as the valor ecclesiasticus and, ultimately, the break with Rome,was vital in the construction of Henry as the centre of both Church and Country, ultimately showing that Cromwell was more than significant in creating a revolution in the way of Tudor government. Administrative changes also played a role in the creation of the new government, and Cromwell was the man behind many of these, seeking to reform and
DBQ 6: Enlightenment Thinkers and Their Impact on European Rulers The Age of Enlightenment was a time where cultural and intellectual ideas from Western Europe brought reason, analysis, and individualism to the rest of Europe and replaced former traditional authority. The Age of Enlightenment was most frequently known as the Age of Reason because it reformed society from the authority of the church to a society of science and skepticism. The Enlightenment philosophy was promoted by local enlightenment thinkers that stressed liberty, freedom from the church’s authority, and worked to abolish serfdom. A number of the Enlightenment philosophers influenced society by publishing texts. New ideas and beliefs spread through Europe and worldwide and marked a change from only having religious texts to also providing intellectual texts.
His religious reforms solidified most of Europe into a single “Church.” His stance on education provided the basic tools—schools, curriculum, textbooks, libraries, and teaching techniques—on which later cultures would be based. The system he implicated, in which peasants held land from a lord in exchange for dues and service, played a vital role in establishing the seignorial system. This system held the potential for imposing political and social order and for stimulating economic growth. Such accomplishments justify the nicknames such as "Charles the Great" and "The Father of
In the European and Japan feudalism, they both have a person who have the most power—which is the king (emperor). They both also have lords (the people who are land owners). The lords hire samurai (knight) to protect their lands and the lords’ family. The owner of samurai (knight) has same expectation for them by their loyalty and their actions that they took to protect the lords’ properties. Last, they both have a same idea of people’s rank---if they are born with their level they stay with it forever.
Liberalism promotes equity and opportunity for the individual while fascism is all about the greater good and support of the establishment. When we look closer however, we begin to see a good many similarities. Both are reactionary ideologies, coming about as a response to some sort of perceived flaw in the current socioeconomic system. Explanation: Liberalism found its beginnings as a reactionary ideal to the feudalistic inequities of medieval Europe. During this time period, religious conformity and ascribed status dictated where and how a person was to live and what they could do with their lives.
This imperative shows us that our world is dictated by how our markets rise and fall. States were forced to expand their markets in search for economic stability. Because of this, the world has created so much accessibility to allow free trade and free markets. The need for international peace and stability has heightened in order to continue the trade activities that foster economic growth. However, markets wear down sovereignty.
The colonists had built a strong national unity and identity by the beginning of the American Revolution in 1776. In the early eighteenth century, the colonies enjoyed great prosperity due to Britain’s policy of salutary neglect, which allowed the settlers various freedoms. The French and Indian War, however, ended salutary neglect and provided for the separation of an angry union of colonies. It was the French and Indian War that first forced the colonies to unite. They desperately needed the support of the Iroquois Indians to defeat the French, and in order to do so, they needed to commit an effort to a common cause.
There was social and political chaos. The monarchs of Western Europe took advantage of this and began to replace the lords as the people in power. The promised internal order and began building royal bureaucracies and armies and navies. They found support amongst the merchants who wanted royal contracts and trading monopolies. This alliance between commerce and political power helped to prepare the way for European