This society was crucial in making people in Britain more aware of radicalism; they did this through becoming the leading co-ordinator for a lot of popular reform societies, which together constituted the first nationwide political movement in Britain. Out of fear, the government was forced to follow reactionary policies to make sure radical threats were to be kept at a minimum. If a revolution was to occur the government would lose its power over the people. Another reason why reactionary policies were made was because of the industrial revolution; an impact of this was the growth of urbanisation. More people were moving to the cities and towns; however this meant that more people from the middle/working class were coming together and radical ideas were to starting to rapidly become popular, such as parliamentary reform - radical ideas which were inspired by the French revolution.
The new foods allowed for better agriculture that led to large increases in population. The population growth was offset slightly by disease, which was a negative part of the Columbian exchange. It was mostly the indigenous inhabitants of the New World who suffered, but the Europeans were also given diseases. European sailors returning from the Americas brought back diseases such as syphilis, which the European populations had no developed defense. The appearance of the new viruses that were completely unknown in the Old World society caused some outbreak problems for the Europeans because they were not easily treatable.
Although the societies seemed quite sexist, the men were still respectful where respect was due. Ancient Rome and Han China both shared economical views. The basis wealth in these societies was agriculture since this provided some of the items they traded. However, Rome mostly exported glass and metal-works while Han China mostly exported silk and bronze tools. Both empires charged taxes to their people with the exception of slaves.
The Europeans were also very individualistic. Each family had their own land, house and other belongings and did not feel it was their responsibility to give to those less fortunate than them. Initially the Indians viewed the Europeans as a means of trade for things they needed. They were willing to show them how to use the land, and share with them their knowledge, and experience .The Europeans on the other hand saw the Native Americans as primitive and savage. The Europeans felt they could be easily tricked and would in fact make good slaves.
Trade with America caused this growth through their introduction of new crops to China. In spite of the epidemics, the rice, wheat, maize, and other food of nutritional value from America increased the population to 160 million in 1600 CE. This rapid demographic growth made for social and economic problems, since the agricultural production could not keep pace. This placed much pressure on resources. The European traders during the Ming Dynasty were mainly Jesuit missionaries trying to convert Chinese to Christianity.
Recovering from the plague and the formation of united, powerful governments (not in a philosophical or political sense of government, but having more to do with the monetary need to support a powerful government and militia) also have ties to materialism. [ii] Travel and the improvement of the quality of one’s life are materialistic methods of coping with a plague. Upon arriving on this new land, after a short while I would have noticed distinctly new vegetations that grew here, like potatoes, pineapples, and vanilla which could be imported back to England as a sign of riches that could enhance the England’s economy while furnishing more voyages to unique and untamed land of riches. [iii] Another documented example of such persuasion was when Columbus reported amazing riches and generosity and the docility of the current inhabitants. [iv] Powerful and united governments are built behind the support of the collective people, and that support is based on the belief that the government (at a time of leadership made famous by George Washington) will protect the people from all threats private and domestic and that protection comes from a militia that is supported by weapons and trust
1. It was not merely a transfer of diseases, plants, and animals, nor was the transfer simply one sided. Diseases greatly reduced the Amerindian populations, while the Europeans brought home Amerindian diseases. Europeans brought food such as bananas and wheat that diversified Amerindian diets, while other crops like sugar cane were intended for cultivation with exploited labor. European horses, cattle, and pigs also affected Amerindian lives, while beaver and other fur-bearing animals influenced the exchange between Europeans and Amerindians.
Homestead Act and the Dawes Act Dawes proposed the Dawes Act because he wanted to help the American settlers in the East to develop the United States in the west. Basically, they wanted to divide up Native American land and sell it to make a profit since they had so much land that everyone can spread out evenly. He was successful in developing the nation westward but the Native Americans weren’t too happy about it. The retaliated knowing their land was being taken from them and they were being out in these reservations where the soil wasn’t rich and there was no water or life around. Just themselves and the tools they needed to survive.
This issue of national security as a root for imperialism was mentioned in Henry Cabot Lodge's "Our Blundering Foreign Policy." Religious reasons also propelled imperialism. Missionaries sought to convert the inhabitants of foreign lands by convincing them that, "what we have is better." It's a new zeal that actually got the imperialism ball rolling. In fact, missionaries made the first contact with Hawaii in the 1850s to Christianize the islands, and at this time we learned of its perfect sugar-growing
Without these helpers, many of the crops brought by the English would have died out. The natives even thought of the bees as forbearers of doom, for wherever the honeybee was, the colonists prospered. The honeybee made it possible to plant European crops in the Americas, but also led to destruction of land and the removal of natives. Because the bees helped the crops, the land became unusable much faster, making the British travel further out in order to sustain their businesses. The migration out into the forests resulted in the destruction of that land and the removal of natives that lived there.