For nearly four hundred years, the Roman Empire dominated the western world. Many characteristics made it possible to achieve feats that seemed impossible. Engineering and technology were the key components to the development and great empire, which produced remarkable structures and designs that are in the present world today. ! The people in Ancient Rome put their knowledge to work to build aqueducts to ﬁx their major problem of water so they can devote their time to building other impressive things like the Colosseum, the Amphitheater, and bridges.
20 June 2013 The Pantheon The Pantheon in Rome is widely regarded as one of the most important buildings in history. Indeed, “the Pantheon represents the highest achievement of Roman architecture, both formally and structurally. It combines boldness, scale, and mastery of every architectural art” (Trachtenberg and Hymen 142). Its impressive architecture left a legacy: it was widely imitated in Roman tombs and temples. Its influence is also found in many other places.
It was the main architectural and artistic style until 12th century, when it gave way to the Gothic architecture. The Gothic style was developed fully in France and England during the 12th century and by the 13th century, Gothic style spread to Germany. Although the Gothic Period followed the Romanesque, they did not follow the same elements. These two main styles of architecture, have many similarities, but also have many differences. This is because lifestyles changed in the time between these two epochs.
The architectural technique of the arch is a trademark of Ancient Rome. The Romans applied the arch to many of their buildings for two reasons: as a support and for decoration. Two of the first structures to carry arches are bridges and aqueducts. It is sometimes said that the arch originated with the Romans. This should be differently stated because the arch itself was not originated by the Romans, but it was applied with great skill and success to various works of utility, and they made it a universal feature in civil buildings.
Any cutting that needed to be done; or added finish that was all completed at the quarries before brought to the sight to be added to the Cathedral. Notre Dame is not really noted too many uses of color; the only real use of color is in the Rose window which is described above. Lines, shapes and balance are all unified; again Gothic is all about height, maybe math; then again, let me go back to the point of it’s about the glass curtains; being able to let as much light in as possible; all height and looking up. This Cathedral is also shaped in the Latin shape of a
Bill Jamestons French II Amiens Cathedral Beginning in the eventful year of 1220, Bishop Evrard de Fouilly initiated the work on a cathedral that would eventually astound and bring awe to all who gazed upon it. Named after the region it was erected in, the Cathédrale Notre-Dame d'Amiens, or the Amiens Cathedral, is still active to this day. This magnificent cathedral is the tallest complete cathedral in France, and also has the most interior space of any cathedral in France, at approximately 200,000 cubic meters. The cathedral has also been celebrated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981. Despite losing the majority of its stained glass windows, the Amiens Cathedral is widely awarded because of its thirteenth century Gothic style and beauty.
Roman Culture has had many influences on the way we build and live in modern civilization. Many aspects of our government system were conceived and perfected in the roman culture. Building techniques and engineering concepts that now form the backbone of our infrastructure were invented thousands of years ago out of necessity by the Roman Empire. The Romans were also largely responsible for the spread of Christianity, which was (and is) a large part of our development as a society. The Romans were one of the first civilizations of their kind, their 1000 year reign of power found them Making new discoveries and inventions out of necessity to support their ever growing society.
The Roman Empire was a very intelligent civilization that was responsible for many astounding creations that put their engineering skills to the test. The Roman civilization built many massive buildings, canals, and even entertainment centers, and many of them are still standing today. Two of the most amazing objects that the Romans created were the waterway systems, called aqueducts, and the Roman Coliseum. Both of these amazing and absolutely massive creations are still standing today. One of the biggest engineering feats that the Romans created was their miraculous Aqueducts.
Byzantine art never lost sight of this classical heritage. The Byzantine capital is known as Constantinople, and is known for its abundance of classical sculptures and the entire city was adorned with them. The subject matter of monumental Byzantine art was primarily religious and imperial. There were two themes are they are often combined, and it is believed by scholars that this is a direct result of the pious and autocratic nature of the Byzantine society, and partly too because of its economic structure. Portraits of later Byzantine emperors that decorated the interior of the sixth-century church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople.
Pugin obtained his inspiration from visiting other European Countries, especially Lubeck in North East Germany where the Roman Catholic Church was the predominant style and enabled Pugin to incorporate their architectural designs into his own work. (St Chad’s and Religious Art, AA100 DVD) St Chad’s took 2 years to build in 1841 and was the first Catholic cathedral since the reformation and Pugin was appointed by Bishop Thomas Walsh to revive the Gothic architectural style. This Cathedral is also extremely unique as had three generations of Pugin architects working on it up to the 1930s. Following Pugin’s conversion to Roman