Roman Architecture The creative and efficient design of roman architecture has influenced the features and theory behind many of our most admirable structures today. The Roman’s carry many successful buildings to their name as they greatly influenced the time in which they were introduced. Some of the Roman’s most recognized and appreciated innovations were the aqueduct, the roads, the dome and the invention of concrete. There are many reasons as to why the Roman building was so accepted, mostly because of their unique yet successful ideas and reliable materials. To start the Roman’s were a very advanced society.
ROMAN TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING Kasey Simas HIS 103 World Civilizations I Instructor Max Fassnacht January 28, 2013 ROMAN TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING Roman empires flourished, which can largely be attributed to the emperors that created government, laws, cities, military, and many buildings and structures. This would not be possible without the use of technology. In order to talk about roman technology and engineering we must first understand what technology is. Technology is “the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science (technology, n.d.).” The Pantheon is a great example of Roman architecture. Most historians believe Emperor Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa built the first Pantheon in 27BC, though no one knows its exact age.
From the beginning of time, mankind has developed many distinct methods of construction. These architectural methods have advanced from round huts to pyramids to skyscrapers. Over the years, designers from many different cultures have improved ways of constructing buildings in order to create those of the highest quality. One culture, in specific, that is well-known for its excellence in architectural design is that of Ancient Rome. They are most famous for their architecture, based on the new ideas and materials that they established.
(10) How were the great stone blocks moved into place to create the pyramid? Answer: moved down the Nile from Upper Egypt where the stones were cut and then rolled up using lots of slaves on wooden rollers. (11) How long on average did it take to build a pyramid? Answer: About 30 years approximately Questions & Answers on Stonehenge (1) Where is Stonehenge located? Answer: Southern England (2) What is the term for the very hard sandstone
His attempt to revive the Roman Empire was a successful one, both in terms of power and longevity. Justinian’s legacy would be that of the most successful Emperor of the Byzantine Empire. The empire expanded under Justinian because of his ability to pick exceptional advisors. The men that he gave power to owed this to him, and were very loyal. Despite many periods of financial and military crisis where the empire faced threats from all sides, it always managed to come through, often due to the Emperor’s advisors.
Rome has gained popularity and respect for many of its architectural designs, and accomplishments. Roman engineering has enhanced the development of the Roman Empire over many years. One of the most known, and most admirable was Caesar’s Bridge. For many years, the Rhine River was a stop to Romans, protecting Germanic tribes from Roman expansion. In 65 BC, Julius Caesar led Roman legions in building a bridge, roughly a thousand feet across, and 25 to 30 feet deep.
The plumbing system was such a big achievement for the people of the Indus, because it was more sanitary. So because of the plumbing system, the Indus was one of the most advanced civilization in their time. Greece was also a great civilization. The Greeks created myths or traditional stories about their gods. Most, if not all, of the characters were men.
Mayan writing contributed the advanced lifestyle along with other developments. Mayan Astronomy, architecture and writing system made their civilization better than any other of that time in Mesoamerica. Today, societies in the world flourish and develop achievements that make it more powerful than others. These advanced societies include the modern countries of America, China, and Japan. These countries relatively correlate to the extremely powerful Mesoamerican civilizations which also grew strong because of their advances.
ROMAN ARCHITECTURE My fascination with Roman architecture begins with the Romans ability to achieve such greatness and sustainability within their work without the means that we have in our design world today such as industrial machinery and Technology. The work of the Romans is design ingenuity. They were able to create such huge rooms with such high ceilings, as well as so many different aspects within one building, for example the Colosseum. Within this building Romans played many types of games and held shows including beast hunts and gladiator combats. Oval in shape, it had incredible interconnecting corridors that would lead to six tiers of seats, thus allowing a huge audience to sit within its walls.
Once he passed away, his son, emperor Domitian, took over not only the throne, but also the project that soon would be a legendary arena for years to come (building the Coliseum). ‘’The large structure was built to help win over the roman populace to the rule of the new Flavian Dynasty’’ (Martial on the Coliseum). What really makes the Roman Coliseum so legendary was the overall appearance of the structure. The building amazed the human eye. The site of the building was once occupied by and artificial lake.