Byzantine And Early Christian Art

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Byzantine is the term used to describe the art and architecture, in the most general and broad form, produced by the Byzantine Empire. It existed from approximately the fourth century until the Fall of Contantinople in 1453. Cultures such as the Eastern Orthodox states were influenced by the Byzantine empire but were not by any means a part of the commonwealth. Byzantine art developed out of the art of the Roman empire, which was profoundly influenced by ancient Greek art. Byzantine art never lost sight of this classical heritage. The Byzantine capital is known as Constantinople, and is known for its abundance of classical sculptures and the entire city was adorned with them. The subject matter of monumental Byzantine art was primarily religious and imperial. There were two themes are they are often combined, and it is believed by scholars that this is a direct result of the pious and autocratic nature of the Byzantine society, and partly too because of its economic structure. Portraits of later Byzantine emperors that decorated the interior of the sixth-century church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. However, religious art was not only confined or limited to monumental decoration of church interiors. The icon was one of the most important genres of Byzantine Art. Christ, the Virgin, or a saint, used as an object of veneration in Orthodox churches and private homes alike. Icons were more religious than aesthetic in nature. Manuscripts was another major genre of Byzantine art. The most commonly illustrated texts were religious, both scripture itself and devotional or theological texts. Minor or luxury arts were produced in large number throughout the Byzantine era. These types of art include ivories, enamels, jewelry, metalwork, ceramics, etc.). The Edict of Milan was issued by the emperors Constantine I and Licinius in 313, allowed for public Christian

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